As we first began doing in the 2020 Plan, UofL continues to measure our progress in sustainability based upon the Sustainability Tracking, Assessment & Rating System (STARS) developed by the Association for the Advancement of Sustainability in Higher Education (AASHE). The STARS framework stresses the influence of a university’s investment policies and strategies on social and environmental well-being and the importance of establishing an engaged, broadly-representative Committee on Investor Responsibility, making positive sustainability investments, and performing shareholder advocacy for greater social and environmental responsibility.
We have been aided in this effort and continue to seek opportunities to exchange ideas and information with other schools through the Intentional Endowments Network, Divest Ed, Freedom to Thrive, and the former Responsible Endowments Coalition.
UofL was one of two schools highlighted as having best practices for Investment Disclosure by the Sustainable Endowments Institute’s September 2014 Report:College Endowment Investment Trends and Best Practices: An Analysis of STARS Data
Investments held in UofL's endowment
UofL's endowment is managed by the UofL Foundation (ULF), which contracts with third parties to manage the investments. In 2020 ULF switched its contract to a 100% employee-owned and operated company, Prime Buchholz LLC, for investment consulting services. Prime Buchholz has helped ULF select lower carbon-intensity investment funds. They have been doing Environmental, Social & Governance (ESG) mission investing since 1988 and in 2016, they formalized it within their firm with a Socially Responsible Investing (SRI) Task Force with 25 committee members (out of about 125 employees). Prime Buchholz has their own rankings and in 2021 they had over 70 recommended ESG products (with 40+ in the pipeline). They are looking to find the highest ranked funds. An example is Generation Global, co-founded by Al Gore, which is an equity manager that picks stocks worldwide with low carbon footprint.
Prime Buchholz invests a lot of attention into trying to quantify fossil fuel exposure for clients like ULF by partnering with MSCI, a noted index provider and data collector. As of September 30, 2020, they summarized ULF's fossil fuel exposure (the bulk of which is in Equities) as follows:
- ULF’s weighted average carbon intensity fell from 131.5 (12/31/19) to 128 Metric Tons / $MM Revenue (9/30/20), compared to 174 for MSCI’s ACWI (All Country World Index).
- ULF’s output from renewables as a result of investment increased from 0.8 (12/31/19) to 2.3 megawatt-hours (MWh) (9/30/20), compared to 0.5 for MSCI's ACWI.
- ULF’s exposure to the world’s highest emitting companies (e.g. Exxon/Mobile, Duke Energy, etc.) is 1.1% vs. 1.7% MSCI ACWI.
At the request of the Sustainable Endowments Institute, we've posted snapshots of our investment portfolio, .
The most recent snapshot reveals that, as of May 2022, the Foundation's account manager, Prime Buchholz, estimated that 7.4% of the total investment pool is in positive sustainability investments - i.e. about $54.7M in sustainability investment funds (including those that invest in companies which participate in wind turbine manufacturing, sustainable public transportation, sustainable building materials, renewable energy sources, and green technology development; and $18.2M in socially responsible mutual funds with positive screens (including funds that do not invest in fossil fuels, but global technology, software, services, and online sector companies that score high in ESG ratings and have exemplary corporate sustainability practices).
As of June 30, 2021, the Foundation's account manager, Prime Buchholz, estimated that 28.95% of the total investment pool is in positive sustainability investments - i.e. about $37M in sustainable industries (e.g. companies that are focused on large-scale hydroelectric, recycling, water and community development, including organics, industrial waste, water treatment and green building related companies); $205.6M in businesses selected for exemplary sustainability performance (companies that score high in ESG ratings and have exemplary corporate sustainability practices, or companies with sustainable business models and no harmful business practices such as polluting or harming the environment); and $2.5M in sustainability investment funds.
As of August 31, 2018, the Foundation's account manager at the time, Cambridge Associates, estimated that 19% of the total investment pool is in positive sustainability investments.
In September 2015, we estimated UofL's total mission-related investments at 1.85% of the University's total endowment. Most of these were community economic development funds, but also included are climate change equities. Funds included: Kentucky Seed Fund, Chrysalis II & III, Triathlon, and Capital South.
- UofL Foundation Publicly-Traded Holdings as of 6-30-2015
- UofL Foundation Hedge Fund Holdings as of 6-30-2015
- UofL Foundation Fixed Income Holdings as of 6-30-2015
- UofL Foundation Manager Holdings - (Publicly Traded) 9-30-2013
- UofL Foundation Manager Holdings - Hedge Funds (Long Only) 9-30-2013
In a previous reporting in September 2013, we had estimated UofL's total mission-related investments at 2.2% of the University's total endowment. Most of these were also community economic development funds and some climate change equities. In 2013, funds included: Kentucky Seed Fund, Chrysalis Ventures, Metro Bank CDs, Triathlon, Capital South, and Wellington DIH. At the time, the trend in UofL sustainability-related investments had been in a positive direction:
- Estimated value of holdings in sustainability investment funds, as of April 2010: $2,134,871.
- Estimated value of holdings in community development financial institutions, as of September 2013: $9,470,560
More information about the University's finances is available here.
In March 2015, UofL's primary financial services provider, PNC Bank, announced that it would no longer finance coal-mining companies that pursue the environmentally devastating practice of mountaintop removal mining in Appalachia. Read more.
In July 2016, UofL began participating in shareholder advocacy through a contract with Institutional Shareholder Services (ISS) to help us manage our proxy voting at shareholder meetings.
UofL’s new Committee on Investor Responsibility examined the proxy voting guidelines available through ISS and decided that the package which most closely aligns with UofL's mission and goals is the . UofL uses these guidelines to vote on all shareholder resolutions for companies in which we are directly invested.
Committee on Investor Responsibility
In fall 2016, UofL formed a new Committee on Investor Responsibility (CIR) with broad representation from UofL students, faculty, staff, and Foundation representatives. While the committee is open to participation from all, the Provost's Office sends members an official letter of appointment with the the committee's charge at the start of each academic year. The most recent charge from the Provost on August 4, 2023 was as follows:
"The committee is asked to continue its work on and offer advice to the University and the University of Louisville Foundation around the following:
- Supporting our Student Sustainability Fund as a learning opportunity with real-world impact for students to practice applying sustainability principles to both investment and philanthropy.
- Shareholder proxy voting that best fits the goals of the institution.
- Determining whether and under what conditions we should be initiating shareholder resolutions.
- Developing a sustainable investment policy."
Student-Managed Socially-Responsible Investment Fund
In 2017-18, UofL piloted a new, full-circle, Student Sustainability Fund through which students in a fall Finance class learn about and gain real-world experience with Socially-Responsible Investing during the fall semester; and then, in the spring semester, students in a Social Change class learn about and gain real-world experience with Student Philanthropy to support local projects and organizations working to implement sustainability.
On April 6, 2018, UofL launched an
Socially-Responsible Retirement Funds
UofL offers employees socially-responsible investment options for employee retirement plans. These options are designed to give you investment income for a secure retirement while putting money behind companies you can feel good about. Options include:
- CREF Social Choice Account. Investing in companies that are: strong stewards of the environment, devoted to serving local communities, committed to higher labor standards, and managed ethically. More information available online here.
- . The fund's investments are subject to certain environmental, social and governance criteria. The evaluation process favors companies that are strong stewards of the environment; devoted to serving local communities; committed to higher labor standards; dedicated to producing high-quality and safe products; and those managed in an exemplary or ethical manner. More information available online here.
- Fidelity Select Environment and Alternative Energy Portfolio. Investing primarily in companies engaged in business activities related to alternative and renewable energy, energy efficiency, pollution control, water infrastructure, waste and recycling technologies, or other environmental support services. More information available online here.
To learn more, we recommend the Intentional Endowment Network's Guide to Sustainable Retirements. More information about UofL's employee benefits and our human resources policies are available here.
Invest Your Values - In order to align investments with values, investors must first know what they own. But since most investment portfolios and retirement plans rely heavily on mutual funds, it is nearly impossible for investors to know what individual companies they actually own. But now that’s changed. As You Sow’s Invest Your Values free online tools screen mutual fund holdings against specific environmental, social, and governance issues. Mutual fund investors can know what they own, and can align their investments with their values.
2010-12 Committee on Socially Responsible Investing
In November 2010, former Provost Willihnganz charged a new university-wide Committee on Socially Responsible Investing (SRI) with making recommendations to the President and Provost on financially, socially and environmentally responsible investment opportunities across asset classes and other related recommendations as appropriate, including shareholder advocacy and proxy voting.
The Committee had multi-stakeholder representation and provided a structure for fostering dialogue on investment opportunities, and helping the UofL Foundation make responsible investments that ensure financial health for UofL while promoting sustainability in the wider world. The Committee researched investment opportunities that would compliment the University’s mission, its resource requirements, and its commitment to sustainability.
The committee's recommendations were approved by the administration in June 2012, as follows:
- Establish a permanent Socially Responsible Investment Advisory Committee – the establishment of such a committee should move forward immediately and its first task should be to develop a policy for proxy voting. The Provost agreed to work with appropriate parties to appoint members.
- Contract with a qualified service to make recommendations for UofL investment proxy voting to promote sustainability; and
- Adopt a broad policy statement for proxy voting.