Specific Disorders


  • Feeling sad, empty or depressed most of the time
  • Loss of interest in previously pleasurable activities
  • Change in appetite (weight gain or loss)
  • Lack of energy or easily fatigued
  • Trouble "getting going"
  • Sleep difficulty (or the desire to sleep much more than usual)
  • Trouble concentrating or making decisions
  • Feeling worthless or that "things" are hopeless


Excessive worry and anxiety along with difficulty controlling the "worry" accompanied by three or more of the following symptoms*:

  • Restlessness, feeling "keyed up" or "on edge"
  • Becoming easily fatigued
  • Difficulty concentrating or mind "going blank"
  • More irritable than usual
  • Tight or tense muscles
  • Difficulty falling asleep or unsatisfying sleep

* Symptoms of anxiety or worry may cause problems in relationships, work or other important areas of your daily life.


Sudden rush of "discomfort" or fear which may include the following symptoms:

  • Rapid heart rate or "pounding heart"*
  • Sweating, trembling, or shaking, a sensation of shortness of breath*, smothering, or choking
  • Chest pain or discomfort*
  • Nausea or abdominal distress
  • Feeling dizzy, lightheaded, or faint
  • Fear of "going crazy," losing control, or dying

* If you experience these symptoms, please see your physician to rule out potentially serious physical illness.

Stress (not a specific disorder)

Symptoms of stress can be a result of one large "stressor" or on-going levels of stress encountered regularly.

Common symptoms include:

  • Restlessness, feeling "keyed up" or "on edge"
  • Difficulty concentrating or mind "going blank"
  • Tight or tense muscles, aches and pains
  • Difficulty falling asleep or unsatisfying sleep
  • Feelings or symptoms of depression
  • Physical problems (headaches or gastrointestinal problems)
  • Problems in areas of daily life (relationships, work, leisure activities)


Anxiety and Depression Association of America (ADAA)

ADAA - Social Anxiety Disorder

National Institute of Mental Health (NIMH)

Internet Mental Health - Disorders

Association for Behaviorial and Cognitive Therapies (ABCT)

American Psychological Association (APA)

Society of Clinical Psychology (Division 12 of the APA)

APA PsycNET - Advanced Search