Research on the Criminogenic Impact of Sexually Oriented Businesses (SOBs)
Professors Eric McCord and Richard Tewksbury recently completed a study examining the criminogenic impact of sexually oriented businesses (SOBs). The study resulted in two scholarly articles (McCord & Tewksbury, 2013; Tewksbury & McCord, 2012) that have strong policy implications and are being utilized nationwide by city officials and their legal staffs to justify more comprehensive regulation of these industries. Even the non-scholar public media has picked up on the study and reported its results.
Both professors are associated with Secondary Effects Research, a group of university-affiliated social scientists who conduct research on the crime and disorder impacts of sexually oriented businesses.
Harry E.Allen , Bruce Ponder and Edward J. Latessa, CORRECTIONS IN AMERICA, 13th edition (2013). This is the longest continually published textbook in the field of corrections. At work on the 14th edition. Corrections in America has been the best-selling text in the field since the 1970s. The 13th edition
continues its established tradition of comprehensive, student-friendly coverage with extensive supplemental material. It covers virtually all aspects of corrections, including its history, prisons in the present, correctional ideologies, sentencing and legal issues, alternatives to imprisonment, institutional corrections, and correctional clients.
Researchers from the UK College of Pharmacy’s Institute for Pharmacy Outcomes and Policy (IPOP) received a two-year, $363,000 grant from the National Institute of Justice to study prescription drug monitoring programs. Faculty members Karen Blumenschein, Trish Freeman and Jeff Talbert are collaborating with co-investigators Gennaro Vito and George Higgins from the University of Louisville Department of Justice Administration on the project, which is entitled “Optimizing Prescription Drug Monitoring Programs to Support Law Enforcement Activity".
Kristin Swartz, Ph.D; Bradford W. Reyns, Ph.D.; Pamela Wilcox, Ph.D & Jessica R.Dunham, MS
Abstract: This study presents a descriptive analysis of patterns of violent victimization between and within the various cohesive clusters of peers comprising a sample of more than 500 9th–12th grade students from one high school. Social network analysis techniques provide a visualization of the overall friendship network structure and allow for the examination of variation in victimization across the various peer clusters within the larger network. Social relationships among clusters with varying levels of victimization are also illustrated so as to provide a sense of possible spatial clustering or diffusion of victimization across proximal peer clusters. Additionally, to provide a sense of the sorts of peer clusters that support (or do not support) victimization, characteristics of clusters at both the high and low ends of the victimization scale are discussed. Finally, several of the peer clusters at both the high and low ends of the victimization continuum are “unpacked,” allowing examination of within-network individual-level differences in victimization for these select clusters.
Professor Gennaro F. Vito has received two research grants recently. The first is from the Proteus Foundation to continue the study of capital sentencing in Kentucky in conjunction with the American Bar Association. The second study will begin in 2013, funded by the National Institute of Justice in conjunction with the University of Kentucky School of Pharmacy is a multi-state analysis of prescription drug monitoring programs (PDMPs). Professor George Higgins is a co-principal investigator on both grants. Here is a sample of Dr. Vito’s most recent publications:Vito, A.G. & Vito, G.F. (forthcoming). “Lessons for Policing from Moneyball: The Views of Police Managers – A Research Note.” American Journal of Criminal Justice.
Michael Lewis’ book Moneyball demonstrates how Oakland A’s General Manager Billy Beane used research evidence to improve his team’s performance in a cost-effective manner. This presentation focuses upon the responses of police managers attending the Administrative Officer’s Course in the Southern Police Institute at the University of Louisville. The respondents identified three elements of Moneyball that could be applied to police management: 1) using statistical analysis to guide operations, 2) challenging the status quo, and 3) doing more with less.
“Characteristics of Parole Violators in Kentucky.” Federal Probation, Vol. 76, No. 1. The data for the present study comes from the Kentucky Department of Correction’s (KDOC) official reports on offenders from July 2002 to December 2004. The data for this study are drawn from offenders paroled during this 30-month period. This resulted in a sample of 10,912 offenders. For each offender, data was collected on whether they returned to prison and, if so, the circumstances surrounding their return (i.e., when and for what reason/offense). All parolees were followed for a period of five years post release.