Craig Anthony (Tony) Arnold

Boehl Chair in Property & Land Use; Professor of Law; Affiliated Professor of Urban Planning; Chair of the Center for Land Use & Environmental Responsibility

About

Tony Arnold is the Boehl Chair in Property and Land Use, Professor of Law, and Affiliated Professor of Urban and Public Affairs at the University of Louisville, where he also directs the interdisciplinary Center for Land Use and Environmental Responsibility. He has taught or been a visiting scholar at some of the nation’s leading universities, including Stanford University, UCLA, the University of Florida, the University of Puerto Rico, and the University of Wyoming. He is a faculty affiliate of the Ostrom Workshop in Political Theory and Policy Analysis, as well as several other research centers nationwide.

Professor Arnold cares deeply about teaching and mentoring students. He received the Trustee’s Award, which is the University of Louisville’s top award for a faculty member and given "for extraordinary impact on students." He teaches courses in Land Use Planning & Law, Water Resources Law & Policy, Land & Ecosystem Conservation, Environmental Law, Property, Real Estate Transactions, and Adaptive Planning & Resilience. Many of his courses are innovative, featuring experiential learning of professional skills (especially negotiation and problem solving skills), integration of insights across disciplines, and field study.

Professor Arnold’s highly interdisciplinary research at the intersection of land, water, the environment, and governance institutions is nationally and internationally recognized. Several of his articles have been selected by experts to be featured in various publications as among the best in their fields, and his publications have been heavily used, both in the U.S. and worldwide, by scholars in many diverse fields, government agencies, nonprofit organizations, and business and industry groups. Professor Arnold has received awards for outstanding research and scholarship from the University of Louisville and Chapman University. His research focuses on the following topics:

  1. resilience, adaptive law, adaptive planning, and adaptive governance;
  2. resilience justice, especially in low-income and minority communities;
  3. environmental justice, particularly concerning land use, planning, ecosystems, and green and blue infrastructure in low-income and minority communities;
  4. the emergence and evolution of governance institutions in land use, water, and the environment;
  5. land use planning and regulation and ecosystems;
  6. property as a web of interests;
  7. watershed planning and governance;
  8. "wet growth" policies and laws, integrating land use, water, and the environment;
  9. the public trust in water and water privatization trends;
  10. diverse and meaningful public participation in governance.

Professor Arnold likes to "get his cowboy boots muddy" in field study, public service, and real-world problem-solving. Professor Arnold has served on many government commissions and nonprofit boards in Kentucky, California, and Texas, engaged in urban planning in California and Boston, and practiced law in Texas. For example, he was Chairman of the Planning Commission of the City of Anaheim and served on the boards of The Nature Conservancy, Habitat for Humanity, the West Jefferson County Community Task Force, and Federacion Ecumenica de Fe y Accion. He recently worked on a community-based field-study project in Los Angeles to address the resilience and vulnerability of low-income and minority neighborhoods and disparities in green and blue infrastructure (e.g., parks, trees, river restoration).

He received his Bachelor of Arts with Highest Distinction, Phi Beta Kappa, in Political Science (Honors) and History (Honors) from the University of Kansas. He received his Doctor of Jurisprudence with Distinction from Stanford University Law School, where he was a Graduate Student Fellow in the Center for Conflict and Negotiation and founding Executive Editor of the Stanford Law & Policy Review.

Adaptive Planning and Resilience

Environmental Law

Land and Ecosystem Conservation

Land Use Planning and Law

Property (or Property I and II)

Real Estate Transactions

Water Resources Law and Policy

Publications 2014-present

Edward Rabin, Roberta Kwall, Jeffrey Kwall, and Craig Anthony (Tony) Arnold, Fundamentals of Modern Property Law, Seventh Edition (Foundation Press, forthcoming 2017)

Craig Anthony (Tony) Arnold, Adaptive Law, in Climate Disaster Law: Barriers and Opportunities (Rosemary Lyster and Robert Verchick, eds.) (Edward Elgar, forthcoming 2017)

Barbara Cosens, Robin Craig, Shana Lee Hirsch, Craig Anthony (Tony) Arnold, Melinda Benson, Daniel DeCaro, Ahjond Garmestani, Hannah Gosnell, J.B. Ruhl, and Edella Schager, The Role of Law in Adaptive Governance, Ecology and Society (forthcoming 2017)

Daniel DeCaro, Craig Anthony (Tony) Arnold, Emmanuel Boamah, and Ahjond Garmestani, Understanding and Applying Principles of Social Cognition and Decision Making in Adaptive Environmental Governance, Ecology and Society (forthcoming 2017)

Lance Gunderson, Barbara Cosens, Brian Chaffin, Craig Anthony (Tony) Arnold, Alexander Fremier, Ahjond Garmestani, Robin Craig, Hannah Gosnell, Hannah Birge, Craig Allen, Melinda Benson, Ryan Morrison, Mark Stone, Joseph Hamm, Krisine Nemec, Edella Schlager, and Dagmar Llewellyn, Regime Shifts and Panarchies in Regional Scale Social-Ecological Water Systems, Ecology and Society (forthcoming 2017)

Robin Craig, Ahjond Garmestani, Craig Allen, Craig Anthony (Tony) Arnold, Hannah Birge, Daniel DeCaro, Alexander Fremier, Hannah Gosnell, and Edella Schlager, Balancing Stability and Flexibility in Adaptive Governance: An Analysis of Tools Available in U.S. Environmental Law, Ecology and Society (forthcoming 2017)

Melinda Benson, Barbara Cosens, Lance Gunderson, Craig Allen, Craig Anthony (Tony) Arnold, Brian Chaffin, Robin Craig, Susanna Diller, Ahjond Garmestani, Hannah Gosnell, and Jacob Wolff, A Response to Critics of Resilience Theory, Ecology and Society (forthcoming 2017)

Brian C. Chaffin, Ahjond Garmestani, Lance H. Gunderson, Melinda Harm Benson, David Angeler, Craig Anthony (Tony) Arnold, Barbara Cosens, Robin Kundis Craig, J.B. Ruhl, and Craig R. Allen, Transformative Environmental Governance, 41 Annual Review of Environment and Resources 399-423 (2016)

Olivia Odom Green, Ahjond Garmestani, Craig Allen, Lance H. Gunderson, J.B. Ruhl, Craig Anthony (Tony) Arnold, Nicholas A.J. Graham, Barbara Cosens, David Angeler, Brian C. Chaffin, & C.S. Holling, Barriers and Bridges to the Integration of Social-Ecological Resilience and Law, 13(6) Frontiers in Ecology and the Environment 332-337 (2015)

Craig Anthony (Tony) Arnold, Environmental Law, Episode IV: A New Hope?: Can Environmental Law Adapt for Resilient Communities and Ecosystems?, 21 Journal of Environmental and Sustainability Law 1-45 (2015)

Craig Anthony (Tony) Arnold, Olivia Odom Green, Dr. Daniel DeCaro, Alexandra Chase, and Jennifer-Grace Ewa, The Social-Ecological Resilience of an Eastern Urban-Suburban Watershed: The Anacostia River Basin, 51 Idaho Law Review 29-90 (2014)

James Salzman, Craig Anthony (Tony) Arnold, Robert Garcia, Keith Hirokawa, Kay Jowers, Jeffrey LaJava, Margaret Peloso, and Lydia Olander, The Most Important Current Research Questions in Urban Ecosystem Services, 25 Duke Environmental Law and Policy Forum 1 (2014)

Craig Anthony (Tony) Arnold, Resilient Cities and Adaptive Law, 50 Idaho Law Review 245-264 (2014)

Craig Anthony (Tony) Arnold, Adaptive Water Law, 62 Kansas Law Review 1043-1090 (2014)

Ahjond S. Garmestani, Craig R. Allen, Craig Anthony (Tony) Arnold, and Lance H. Gunderson, Introduction: Social-Ecological Resilience and Law, in Social-Ecological Resilience and Law (Craig R. Allen and Ahjond S. Garmestani, eds.) 1-14 (Columbia University Press, 2014)

Craig Anthony (Tony) Arnold and Lance H. Gunderson, Adaptive Law, in Social-Ecological Resilience and Law (Craig R. Allen and Ahjond S. Garmestani, eds.) 317-364 (Columbia University Press, 2014)

Craig Anthony (Tony) Arnold, Framing Watersheds, in Environmental Law and Contrasting Ideas of Nature: A Constructivist Approach (Keith Hirokawa, ed.) 271-302 (Cambridge University Press, 2014)

Selected pre-2014 Publications

Craig Anthony (Tony) Arnold, Fourth-Generation Environmental Law: Integrationist and Multimodal, 35(3) William and Mary Environmental Law and Policy Review 771-884 (2011)

Craig Anthony (Tony) Arnold, Legal Castles in the Sand: The Evolution of Property Law, Culture, and Ecology in Coastal Lands, 61(2) Syracuse Law Review 213-260 (2011)

Craig Anthony (Tony) Arnold, Sustainable Webs of Interests: Property in an Interconnected Environment, in Property Rights and Sustainability: The Evolution of Property Rights to Meet Ecological Challenges 167-193 (David Grinlinton & Prudence Taylor, eds.) (Martinus Nijhoff, 2011)

Craig Anthony (Tony) Arnold, Adaptive Watershed Planning and Climate Change, 5(2) Environmental and Energy Law and Policy Journal 417-488 (2010)

Craig Anthony (Tony) Arnold, Water Privatization Trends in the United States: Human Rights, National Security, and Public Stewardship, 33(3) William and Mary Environmental Law and Policy Review 785-849 (2009)

Craig Anthony (Tony) Arnold, Carol Norton, and Dustin Wallen, Kentucky Wet Growth Tools for Sustainable Development: A Handbook on Land Use and Water for Kentucky Communities (University of Louisville Center for Land Use & Environmental Responsibility, 2009), received the 2010 Jonathan N. Helfat Award for Legal Scholarship

Craig Anthony (Tony) Arnold, Fair and Healthy Land Use: Environmental Justice and Planning (American Planning Association, 2007), excerpted in Essential Readings in Urban Planning (Planetizen 2014).

Craig Anthony (Tony) Arnold, The Structure of the Land Use Regulatory System in the United States, 22(2) Journal of Land Use and Environmental Law 441-523 (2007), selected for an excerpt to be reprinted as one of 12 exemplary works in environmentally responsible land use for the Spring/Summer 2010 issue of Sustain: A Journal of Environmental and Sustainability Issues; selected for translation into Spanish and republication in Revista de Derecho Administrativo by the Circulo de Derecho Administrativo, Pontificia Universidad Católica de Perú (2014)

Craig Anthony (Tony) Arnold, Ed., Wet Growth: Should Water Law Control Land Use? (Environmental Law Institute 2005)

Craig Anthony (Tony) Arnold, Is Wet Growth Smarter Than Smart Growth?: The Fragmentation and Integration of Land Use and Water, 35 Environmental Law Reporter 10152-10178 (2005)

Craig Anthony (Tony) Arnold, Privatization of Public Water Services: The States’ Role in Ensuring Public Accountability, 32(3) Pepperdine Law Review 561-604 (2005)

Craig Anthony (Tony) Arnold, Working Out an Environmental Ethic: Anniversary Lessons from Mono Lake, 4 Wyoming Law Review 1-55 (2004) (E. George Rudolph Distinguished Lecture), selected as a finalist for 36 Land Use and Environment Law Review as one of the 20 best land use and environmental law articles published in 2004, as selected by peer review

Craig Anthony (Tony) Arnold, The Reconstitution of Property: Property as a Web of Interests, 26 Harvard Environmental Law Review 281-364 (2002), reprinted at 34 Land Use and Environment Law Review 65 (2003), as one of the 10 best land use and environmental law articles published in 2002, as selected by peer review

Craig Anthony (Tony) Arnold and Leigh A. Jewell, Eds., Beyond Litigation: Case Studies in Water Rights Disputes (Environmental Law Institute 2002)

Craig Anthony (Tony) Arnold, Planning Milagros: Environmental Justice and Land Use Regulation, 76 Denver University Law Review 1-153 (1998), two substantial excerpts republished in Clifford Rechtshaffen & Eileen Gauna, Environmental Justice: Law, Policy & Regulation (Carolina Academic Press 2002)

Craig Anthony (Tony) Arnold, Conserving Habitats, Building Habitats: The Emerging Impact of the Endangered Species Act on Land-Use Development, 10(1) Stanford Environmental Law Journal 1-43 (1991), Honorable Mention, Murie Award in Environmental Law

Craig Anthony (Tony) Arnold, Ignoring the Rural Underclass: The Biases of Federal Housing Policy, 2 Stanford Law & Policy Review 191-206 (1990)

Craig Anthony (Tony) Arnold, Beyond Self-Interest: Policy Entrepreneurs and Aid to the Homeless, 18 Policy Studies Journal 47-66 (1989), Best Undergraduate Paper, Southwest Political Science Association (presented at 1987 conference)

Presentations 2014-present

Adaptive Water Governance, Social-Ecological Resilience, and Climate Change, 2016 UCOWR/NIWR Water Resources Conference, Pensacola, FL, June 23, 2016

Diverse Participation in Watershed Governance, 2016 UCOWR/NIWR Water Resources Conference, Pensacola, FL, June 22, 2016

Adaptive Water Planning and Resilience, 2016 UCOWR/NIWR Water Resources Conference, Pensacola, FL, June 21, 2016

Participant, Adaptive Water Governance Workshop, National Socio-Environmental Synthesis Center (SESYNC), Annapolis, MD, May 2-3, 2016

Adaptive Planning and Resilience: An Important Aspect of Adaptive Governance, Second Annual Sustainability Conference of American Legal Educators, Sandra Day O’Connor College of Law, Arizona State University, Tempe, AZ, May 13, 2016

Wet Growth and Resilient Cities, 2016 Stegner Symposium on "Green Infrastructure, Resilient Cities: New Challenges, New Solutions," Wallace Stegner Center, S.J. Quinney College of Law, University of Utah, Salt Lake City, UT, March 31, 2016

Hot Towns, Hot Policies, and Hot Laws: An Introduction to Urban Heat Islands, Panel on Urban Heat Island Effect: Causes, Impacts, and Responses, American Bar Association Webinar, January 15, 2016

Panelist, Opening the Door to the Future of Fair Housing, University of Louisville Anne Braden Institute for Social Justice Research, Metropolitan Housing Coalition, and University of Louisville Brandeis School of Law, Louisville, KY, October 26, 2015

Hot Towns, Hot Policies, and Hot Laws: An Introduction to Urban Heat Islands, Panel on Urban Heat Island Effect: Causes, Impacts, and Responses, American Bar Association Section of State and Local Government Law 2015 Fall Council Meeting, Louisville, KY, October 9, 2015

Boamah and Arnold, Adaptive Governance for Resilient Urban Watersheds: The Case of the Anacostia Watershed, Poster Presentation by Emmanuel Frimpong Boamah and Craig Anthony (Tony) Arnold, Universities Council on Water Resources and Southern Nevada Water Authority WaterSmart Innovations Conference, Las Vegas, NV, October 7-9, 2015

Participant, Adaptive Water Governance Workshop, National Socio-Environmental Synthesis Center (SESYNC), Annapolis, MD, June 8-11, 2015 (via video-conference)

Adaptive Water Governance Project: Social-Ecological Resilience, Climate Change, and Adaptive Water Governance, "Redefining Water Challenges" Workshop, Massachusetts Institute of Technology, Cambridge, MA, May 1-2, 2015

Colloquy Panelist, Governing on the Edge: Cities, Climate Change, and the Polycentric-Global Governance Tension, Urban Affairs Association Annual Conference, Miami, FL, April 9, 2015

Participant, Health and Environment Roundtable, Health and Harmony Summit, Louisville, KY, March 20, 2015 (participated in roundtable discussion with H.R.H. Charles, Prince of Wales, as well as global, national, and local leaders in health and/or the environment)

Panelist, Authors’ Panel, National Conference of Law Reviews, Louisville, KY, March 13, 2015

Panelist, Property Careers and Curriculum Panel, University of Louisville Brandeis School of Law, Louisville, KY, March 10, 2015

Adaptive Land Use Regulation and Resilient Communities, Association of American Law Schools Annual Conference, Environmental Law Section and State and Local Government Law Section Co-Sponsored Panel on "The Law of Resilient Cities: State and Local Adaptation to Climate Change, Washington, DC, January 3, 2015

Investing in Resilient Communities, Keynote Address, HUD Sustainable Communities Workshop on "Linking Water Infrastructure to Community and Economic Development in Smaller Places," Wichita, KS, October 28, 2014

Adaptive Watershed Planning and Diverse Public Participation, Watershed Watch of Kentucky, Louisville, KY, October 18, 2014

The War on Poverty (50 Years Later) and Resilient Communities, Boehl Distinguished Lecture in Land Use Policy, University of Louisville, Louisville, KY, October 14, 2014

Investing in Resilient Cities, IF Nature, Idea Festival, Louisville, KY, October 3, 2014

Participant, Adaptive Water Governance Workshop, National Socio-Environmental Synthesis Center (SESYNC), Annapolis, MD, August 5-7, 2014

Participant, Adaptive Water Governance Workshop, National Socio-Environmental Synthesis Center (SESYNC), Annapolis, MD, May 28-30, 2014

Social-Ecological Resilience and Adaptive Watershed Governance, University of Louisville Department of Biology Seminar Series, Louisville, KY, February 28, 2014

Potential Research Collaboration in Public Health and Law, University of Louisville School of Public Health and Information Sciences Research Incubation Workshop, Louisville, KY, February 25, 2014

Adaptive Water Governance and Social-Ecological Resilience, University of Louisville Sustainable Scholars Roundtable Workshop on Water Resources, Louisville, KY, February 19, 2014

Environmental Law, Episode IV: A New Hope?: Can Environmental Law Adapt for Resilient Communities and Ecosystems?, Keynote Speech, "Environmental Law 4.0: Adaptive and Resilient," Journal of Environmental and Sustainability Law Symposium, University of Missouri School of Law, Columbia, MO, February 14, 2014

Adaptive Watershed Planning, Kentucky Division of Water and Kentucky Basin Coordinators, January 15, 2014

Selected pre-2014 Presentations

This Is Who We Are, University Commencement Address (as Trustees Award recipient), University of Louisville, Louisville, KY, May 11, 2013

Watershed Institutions in the U.S.: Emergence and Evolution, Stegner Center Green Bag Lecture, Wallace Stegner Center, University of Utah, Salt Lake City, UT, October 16, 2012

Adaptive Watershed Planning and Climate Change, The Frank and Elvira Jestrab Lecture on Water, University of Montana, Missoula, MT, September 27, 2011

Fourth-Generation Environmental Law: Integrationist and Multimodal, Distinguished Lecture in Environmental and Land Use Law, Florida State University College of Law, Tallahassee, FL, October 28, 2009

Sustainable Webs of Interests: Reconceptualizing Property in an Interconnected Environment, Keynote Speech, New Zealand Center for Environmental Law Conference on Property Rights and Sustainability: The Evolution of Property Rights to Meet Ecological Challenges, University of Auckland, Auckland, NZ, April 16, 2009 (via video-conference)

Sustainable Webs of Interests: Reconceptualizing Property in an Interconnected Environment, University of Kansas (Honors and University Scholars Programs, Schools of Law and Architecture & Urban Planning, Departments of Sociology and Environmental Studies, Center for Sustainability), Lawrence, KS, April 18, 2009

Law and Planning Are Not Enough: Interdisciplinary Research on Environmental Conservation and Discretionary Land Use Decision Making, PhD Program Colloquium, University of Cincinnati College of Design, Architecture, Art, and Planning, Cincinnati, OH, October 23, 2008

The Vitality Principle in Urban Environments for Children and Youth: Environmental Justice Lessons from Parks, Plans, Rivers, and Communities, Distinguished Lecture, Children, Youth and Environments Center for Research and Design, University of Colorado College of Architecture and Planning, Boulder, CO, October 9, 2008

Water Privatization Trends in the U.S.: Issues of Human Rights and National Security, Distinguished Lecture, Human Rights and National Security Law Program, College of William and Mary Marshall-Wythe School of Law, Williamsburg, VA, September 16, 2008

Models of Clean-Water Land Use, Environmental and Land Use Capstone Colloquium on Land, Water, and Growth, University of Florida Levin College of Law, Gainesville, FL, April 3, 2008

The Lake, the Trust, and the Map: Can Environmental Law Achieve Environmental Conservation?, Luncheon Speaker, Phi Beta Kappa Awards Luncheon, Phi Beta Kappa Association of Kentuckiana, Louisville, KY, May 8, 2007

Fair and Healthy Land Use: Environmental Justice and Planning, Bettman Symposium Speaker, Correcting Environmental Injustices, American Planning Association 99th National Planning Conference, Philadelphia, PA, April 15, 2007

The Lake, the Trust, and the Map: Can Environmental Law Achieve Environmental Conservation?, University of Kansas Honors Program, Lawrence, KS, March 1, 2007

The People’s Land: Justice Brandeis, Environmental Conservation, and Wisdom for Today’s Land Use Challenges, Inaugural Boehl Distinguished Lecture in Land Use Policy, Louis D. Brandeis School of Law, University of Louisville, February 13, 2007

Working Out an Environmental Ethic: Anniversary Lessons from Mono Lake, Environmental Law & Policy Lecture, Chicago-Kent College of Law, October 21, 2004; E. George Rudolph Distinguished Visiting Lecture, University of Wyoming College of Law, November 20, 2003

Selected Service

Board of Trustees, The Nature Conservancy of Kentucky, 2013-2017 (Vice-Chair of Board)

Co-designed and co-facilitated Georgetown-Scott County (KY) Comprehensive Plan Update Scenario Planning Workshop, Spring 2016

Louisville Metro Climate Change Committee, 2007-2009 (Co-Chair, Subcommittee on Land Use, Transportation, and Urban Forestry)

Louisville Metro Fine Particulate Matter Air Quality Task Force, 2007

Board of Trustees, River Fields, Louisville, KY 2008-2009

Board of Directors, Habitat for Humanity of Metro Louisville, 2007-2008

Board of Directors, West Jefferson County Community Task Force, Louisville, KY, 2006-2008

Advisory Board, College of Liberal Arts and Sciences, University of Kansas, 2007-2014 (Chair, 2011-2014)

City of Anaheim Planning Commission, Anaheim, CA, 1999-2002 (Chairman, 2001-2002)

City of Anaheim General Plan Advisory Committee, Anahiem, CA, 2000-2004

City Attorney, City of Hondo, TX, 1993-1995

City Attorney, City of Shavano Park, TX, 1994

Board of Directors, Immigrant & Refugee Rights Project, Lawyers’ Committee for Civil Rights, San Antonio, TX (Chair, Pro Bono Subcommittee)

Vice-President, Board of Directors, & General Counsel, Federación Ecuménica de Fe y Acción. San Antonio, TX

Advisory Board, Good Samaritan Center, San Antonio, TX

Judicial Law Clerk, The Honorable James K. Logan, Tenth Circuit U.S. Court of Appeals, 1990-1991

Land Use Law Intern, Boston Redevelopment Authority, Boston, MA, 1988

Congressional Intern, Honorable James Slattery, U.S. House of Representatives, Washington, DC, 1986

District Intern, Honorable Dan Glickman, U.S. House of Representatives, Wichita, KS, 1984

Selected Awards

Trustees Award, University of Louisville, 2013 (highest University honor for a faculty member; honors extraordinary impact on students)

Distinguished Faculty Award for Outstanding Research, Scholarship, and Creative Activity in the Social Sciences, University of Louisville, 2011

University of Louisville Nominee for Acorn Award, 2013 and 2015 (statewide honor for outstanding teaching)

Jonathan N. Helfat Award for Legal Scholarship, University of Louisville Brandeis School of Law, 2010

Visiting Scholar, UCLA School of Law, 2016

Huber Hurst Visiting Eminent Scholar, University of Florida, 2009

E. George Rudolph Distinguished Visiting Professor, University of Wyoming, 2004

Scholar of the Month, University of North Carolina, Chapel Hill, Center for Law, Environment, Adaptation, and Resources, January 2014

Appointed to the Boehl Chair in Property and Land Use, 2005 (endowed chair created by Kentucky Research Challenge Trust Fund, also known as "Bucks for Brains")

Who’s Who in the World (multiple years)

Who’s Who in America (multiple years)

Who’s Who in American Law (multiple years)

Who’s Who in American Education (multiple years)

Madison’s Who’s Who (multiple years)

Chapman University Achievement Award for Excellence in Scholarship, 2003

Outstanding Professor of the Year, Chapman University School of Law,1999-2000 (voted by law student body)

Honored in 100 Years of Legal Scholarship: AALS, 1900-2000 (nationwide group of law professors honored with tributes by former students to the educators who most affected their lives)

Appointed to the Donley & Marjorie Bollinger Chair in Real Estate, Land Use, and Environmental Law, Chapman University School of Law, 2004

Graduate Student Fellowship, Stanford Center on Conflict and Negotiation, 1988-1990

Harry S. Truman Scholarship, 1985 (national scholarship for academic performance and commitment to government service)

TIME College Achievement Award, 1986 (among 100 college students nationally recognized for college achievement)

University of Kansas Rusty Leffel Concerned Student Award, 1986

University of Kansas Strickland Award, 1987 (outstanding graduating senior)

Phi Beta Kappa, 1986