CHAPTER NINE: Research Regulations
- The Animal Welfare Act (AWA), 7 U.S.C. 2131-2157, 2.17, 2.51, and 371.2(g)
- U.S. Department of Agriculture (USDA) Animal Welfare Act Regulations, Title 9, Code of Federal Regulations, Chapter 1, Subchapter A – Animal Welfare, parts 1, 2, 3, and 4 (and subsequent amendments).
- Public Health Service, Policy on Humane Care and Use of Laboratory Animals
- Interagency Research Animal Committee (IRAC), “Principles for the Utilization and Care of Vertebrate Animals used in Testing, Research, and Training
- Semi-annual review of the institutional animal care and use program and inspection animal housing and study areas
- Prepare and submit written reports of program and facility evaluations, reviewed and signed by a majority of the IACUC, and including any minority views, to the Institutional Official. Recommendations regarding any aspect of the institutional animal care and use program or facilities may be included in these reports
- Review and approve, require changes to secure approval, or withhold approval of Proposals to Use Laboratory Animals in Research and Teaching” prior to the initiation of related research or teaching activities. Re-review is required annually, or more frequently as determined by the IACUC, and prior to modifications of ongoing activities.
- Provide PIs/PDs with written notice of decisions regarding proposal review
- Suspend previously approved proposals if activities are determined to be contrary to federal, state, local, and University regulations
- Investigate, review, and, if warranted, report public or institutional concerns of animal care and use program noncompliance
- Biological agents as specified in the CDC-NIH publication Biosafety in Microbiological and Biomedical Labs.http://www.cdc.gov/od/ohs/biosfty/bmbl4/bmbl4toc.htm
- Recombinant DNA and human gene therapy, as outlined in the NIH Guidelines on Recombinant DNA Molecules and Gene Transfer. http://oba.od.nih.gov/rdna/rdna.html
- Human blood, body fluids, tissues, other clinical specimens are regulated through the OSHA Bloodborne pathogen standard: See information on Department of Environmental Health and Safety (DEHS) web site at http://louisville.edu/dehs/biosafety/bbp/bbp.html for all the regulatory requirements that principal investigators and clinical supervisors must meet.
- CDC Select Agents require registration with CDC prior to transfer within or outside of the institution https://louisville.edu/dehs/. When laboratory staff no longer need a Select Agent they possess, the Agent(s) should be destroyed appropriately and in a timely fashion and the destruction documented. The process must be witnessed and documented by a representative of the Department of Environmental health and safety. Failure to comply with the policy below may result in sanctions. Policy For Destruction of Select Agents
- US Department of Agriculture Agents http://www.usda.gov.
- When laboratories are to be relocated, renovated, vacated or closed, all chemical, radioactive, biological or other hazardous materials must be removed and disposed, in accordance with applicable EPA, OSHA, NIH, CDC and other regulations. Equipment and items that may pose a potential danger to people or the environment must be removed and properly disposed. Failure to comply with the policy below may result in sanctions. Policy For Laboratory Decommissioning
- Reviewing the training and experience of a proposed Authorized User to determine their qualifications to use radioactive material and approving all requests to use radioactive material.
- Prescribing special conditions and monitoring techniques for all proposed uses of radioactive material to insure safety.
- Reviewing the Radiation Safety Officer’s summary reports on radioactive material uses including training records, lab surveys, incidents, misadministrations, occupational radiation exposure records that are submitted to the committee on a quarterly and annual basis.
- Establishing a program to insure that all individuals working with radioactive material are properly trained prior to commencing work and annually thereafter.
- Recommending remedial actions to correct any deficiencies in the radiation safety program.
- Assuming responsibility for their own safety and the safety of all personnel under their direction working with radioactive material.
- Notifying the Radiation Safety Officer of newly hired or transferred personnel who will be working with radioactive material.
- Ensuring that all individuals requiring radiation dosimtery to monitor exposure are assigned film badges which must be ordered through the Radiation Safety Office.
- Ensuring the security of radioactive material in the laboratory and clinical areas to prevent accidental loss or theft.
- Ensuring that all radioactive waste is properly disposed of through the Radiation Safety Office or via sink disposal (if allowed). Sink disposal requires additional record keeping on the part of the authorized user.
- When laboratories are to be relocated, renovated, vacated or closed, all chemical, radioactive, biological or other hazardous materials must be removed and disposed, in accordance with applicable EPA, OSHA, NIH, CDC and other regulations. Equipment and items that may pose a potential danger to people or the environment must be removed and properly disposed. Failure to comply with the policy below may result in sanctions. Policy For Laboratory Decommissioning
- Standard operating procedures.
- Control measures such as fume hoods, special work practices, and personal protective equipment.
- Training of laboratory personnel, including access to Material Safety Data Sheets.
- Circumstances under which prior approval of a laboratory operation is required.
- Provisions for medical consultations and examinations in case of exposure to hazardous chemicals.
- Designation of persons responsible for implementing the Plan.
- Designation of a Chemical Hygiene Officer/Committee to provide technical guidance.
- Additional precautions for working with select carcinogens, reproductive toxins, and substances with a high degree of acute toxicity.
- Measures to ensure fume hoods function properly.
- Maintaining an accurate and current chemical inventory of all chemicals used and/or stored in areas under his/her responsibility (i.e. labs and cold rooms).
- Maintaining current copies of Material Safety Data Sheets (MSDS) for each hazardous chemical used in the laboratory. If MSDS are accessed on-line via DEHS web site at https://louisville.edu/dehs/msds/understanding.html, all laboratory staff must be informed regarding the procedures to obtain them.
- Assuring that the proper personal protective equipment is provided to all laboratory staff which includes but is not limited to lab coats, aprons, eye protection, face protection, gloves, etc. The DEHS web site contains useful information on the selection of personal protection equipment in labs at http://louisville.edu/admin/dehs/labsafe.htm#Protecting.
- Assuring that training is provided for hazards and procedures specific to their laboratory. The DEHS web site contains a very general on-line chemical safety training module through the Howard Hughes Medical Institute as well as some videos pertaining to laboratory hazards that are available for checkout at http://louisville.edu/admin/dehs/train.htm
- The container holding the hazardous waste must be marked with the words "Hazardous Waste". No variation of these words is permissible.
- The container holding the hazardous waste must be in good condition. This means no cracks, no rust, and no leaks.
- The container holding the hazardous waste must be compatible with the waste and any waste mixtures in that container must also be compatible.
- The container holding the hazardous waste must be closed at ALL TIMES. The only exception to this is when waste is being added to or removed from the container.
- Accumulation of hazardous waste in any satellite accumulation area cannot exceed 55 gallons at any time. If the area accumulates acutely hazardous waste, one quart is the maximum amount allowed to be accumulated. A list of the acutely hazardous wastes is available in Chapter 3 of the Disposal Guide.
- Research projects should be designed with the intent of determining an honest and objective answer to a question. Appropriate safeguards against subjective bias should be incorporated into the design.
- Ideas on which research is based should either be original, or attributed to others.
- The undertaking of "trivial" studies primarily for the purpose of yielding rapid results for publication should be discouraged in favor of more substantial studies which may yield fewer but more important papers.
- Data collected during a particular study should be preserved as collected. Three widely recognized deviations from this principle constitute serious breaches of ethical conduct:
Listed below are important policies that help to ensure University compliance with federal regulations governing research.
The Human Subjects Protection Program (IRB)
The University’s Institutional Review Boards (IRB) are a part of the University Human Subjects Protection Program. An IRB is a group of individuals with varying backgrounds, charged with reviewing proposed research involving human subjects to ensure the protections of those subjects and compliance with federal human subjects regulations. The University of Louisville has two such review boards, each consisting of faculty, staff, and representatives from our affiliated institutions, as well as members of the Louisville community.
The University’s Human Subjects Protection Program has been accredited by the Association for Accreditation of Human Research Protection Programs (AAHRPP)since June 2005.
The charge of the Institutional Review Board is:
· To protect human subjects involved in research at the University and its affiliated institutions
· To ensure that human subjects voluntarily consent to their involvement in research
· To protect the investigators involved in research at the University and its affiliated institutions by providing guidance
· To protect the University and its affiliated institutions by providing guidance to the signatory institutions named herein and following the federal, state and local standards for human subject protections
· To protect the volunteer members of the IRB involved in the review of human research studies.
All paid and gratis faculty of the University of Louisville, who conduct human subjects research associated with their appointment, must utilize the University's IRBs for review, approval and continued oversight of the research. In certain circumstances, individual or institutional conflicts of interest may require the utilization of an independent IRB. Requests for use of an independent IRB must be made to the University IRB and approved by the EVPR.
Prior to implementation of any research involving human subjects, one of the IRBs, one of the IRB chairs or vice-chairs or one of the experienced committee members designated by the IRB chair must review the proposed research and approve it or exempt it from IRB review.
The IRB is guided by three basic ethical principles regarding all research involving human subjects, regardless of whether the research is subject to federal regulation, with whom it is conducted, or the source of support. Those principles, enumerated in The Belmont Report, are:
· Respect for persons
· Beneficence: The obligation to do no harm, maximize benefits and minimize risks
· Justice, equal opportunity for subjects to receive the benefits and bear the risks of research, regardless of gender, race and socioeconomic status.
All faculty and staff involved in human subjects research are expected to be familiar with The Belmont Report.
As noted above, there are two IRB's at the University of Louisville.
IRB Medical meets three times per month - the first, third and forth Thursday of the month at 12:15 p.m. in Room 230 of MedCenter One, 501 E. Broadway, Health Sciences Center campus.
IRB Behavioral/Social Science/Education
IRB Behavioral/Social Science meets the first Wednesday of every month at 12:30 p.m. Room 230 of MedCenter One, 501 E. Broadway, Health Sciences Center campus.
Protocols are assigned to primary reviewers and are pre-reviewed by board members or Human Subjects Protection Program Office staff to identify items that need the investigator's attention prior to full board review. The investigator should work with the reviewers and staff to address any concerns identified prior to the protocol going to the full board.
Definition of Research and What Types of Research Must be Reviewed
Research is defined in the “Common Rule” (45 CFR 46.102(d) as “a systematic investigation, including research development, testing and evaluation, designed to develop or contribute to generalizable knowledge.”
Clinical investigation, as defined in FDA regulations (21 CFR 50.3(c) means any experiment that involves a test article and one or more human subjects and that either is subject to requirements for prior submission to the Food and Drug Administration under section 505(i), 507(d), or 520(g) of the act, or is not subject to requirements for prior submission to the Food and Drug Administration under these sections of the act, but the results of which are intended to be submitted later to, or held for inspection by, the Food and Drug Administration as part of an application for a research or marketing permit.
Human subjects are defined in the “Common Rule” as “living individuals about whom an investigator (whether professional or student) conducting research obtains (1) data through intervention or interaction with the individual, or (2) identifiable private information.” The FDA regulations define human subjects as an individual who is or becomes a participant in research, either as a recipient of the test article or as a control. A subject may be either a healthy human or a patient. The appropriate definition depending on the type of human research will generally apply to all human research conducted by investigators at the University of Louisville.
If there is any doubt as to whether IRB review for specific research is required, one of the IRB chairs makes the determination for the University of Louisville and its affiliated institutions. Every prospective investigator considering submitting a proposal including human subject research should become familiar with the issues related to human research and with the process by which IRB approval is obtained.
The University of Louisville, University of Louisville Hospital, Norton Healthcare and Jewish Hospital Healthcare Services all have Federal-wide Assurances with the Department of Health and Human Services. An FWA is a binding written document that commits these institutions to comply with federal regulations concerning federally-funded human research conducted at the institutions listed below. The Federal-wide Assurance numbers for each of the named institutions are:
|Institution with FWA||FWA Number||FWA Expiration Date|
|University of Louisville||FWA00002211||03/13/2010|
|University of Louisville Hospital||FWA00002163||03/29/2008|
|Norton Healthcare, Inc.||FWA00002217||03/22/2008|
|Jewish Hospital Healthcare Services||FWA00002167||03/30/2008|
The Human Subjects Protection Program Office
The Human Subjects Protection Program Office supports the IRB process by maintaining files on all human subjects research at the University of Louisville, maintaining a database for tracking all research proposals submitted to the IRBs, serving as a resource for investigators on general regulatory information, and providing guidance with forms and submission procedures. The Human Subjects Protection Program Office maintains a library of written, video and CD-ROM materials that are available for check-out by University of Louisville researchers. The Human Subjects Protection Program Office stays abreast of current issues in human subjects research and provides this information to the university research community through links on this web site.
The Human Subjects Protection Program Office provides administrative support and consultation to the IRBs, but staff members do not routinely participate in IRB discussions or vote on IRB decisions regarding the approval of human research. The office also serves as a liaison between investigators and the IRB, providing guidance to investigators on protocol preparation and meeting requirements for final approval as identified by the IRB.
The Human Subjects Protection Program Office has institutional responsibility for monitoring the use of human subjects in research and the documentation of processes used to ensure the ethical use of human subjects. These processes must meet extensive federal regulations and policies that are in place to protect the human research subjects' rights and ensure the ethical conduct of human research. Since many of these apply to how the individual investigator conducts the project, the IRB staff's responsibility extends to assisting each individual investigator in meeting the regulations that apply to his/her research.
The IRB staff is the first point of contact in the human research review process. They will answer questions and provide assistance about the appropriate review path for the particular research protocol.
The Human Subjects Protection Program Office currently consists of ten full-time staff. The IRB chairs and vice-chairs work out of the Human Subjects Protection Program Office when conducting IRB business.
The Human Subjects Protection Program Office on the Health Sciences Campus is located in Suite 200 of MedCenter One, 501 E. Broadway. The office is open from 8:00 a.m. to 5:00 p.m. Investigators are encouraged to call 852-5188 with questions.
IRB Policies and/or Procedures
Comments or suggestions regarding IRB policies or procedures are welcome and should be addressed to the Executive Vice President for Research, Room 200, Jouett Hall, or to the Director, Human Subjects Protection Program, MedCenter One, Suite 200, 501 E. Broadway, Health Sciences Center.
The Animal Care and Use Program encompasses all use of vertebrate animals by or for the University of Louisville for educational or research purposes. The designated Institutional Official, the Vice President for Health Affairs/Senior Vice Provost for Academic Affairs, has the ultimate responsibility for the Program. Direct oversight of the Program, which has been accredited by the Association for the Assessment and Accreditation of Laboratory Animal Care (AAALAC), International since its inception in 1965, is delegated to the Institutional Animal Care and Use Committee (IACUC). No vertebrate animal intended for research or teaching may be purchased, bred, or otherwise acquired by or for University faculty or staff without prior approval by the IACUC. The Research Resources Facilities (RRF) manages the acquisition, husbandry, and disposition of animals. All research and teaching activities involving animal subjects in University facilities must be directed by University of Louisville faculty members.
The IACUC is responsible for monitoring all aspects of the Animal Care and Use Program and for advising the Institutional Official regarding recommendations for Program requirements and/or changes. Principal IACUC responsibilities include the following:
· Ensuring the humane treatment of laboratory animals
· Establishing policy and procedures to protect personnel from occupational health and safety hazards associated with the use of research animals
· Monitoring the laboratory animal environment by periodic inspection of housing and procedural areas
· Disseminating information related to approved methods for animal care
The IACUC is composed of at least seven faculty members who are experienced scientists, at least one veterinarian experienced in laboratory animal medicine, various University administrators, and at least one individual not affiliated with the University to represent community interests.
Regulatory authority for the Program, including IACUC responsibility and function, include:
The University of Louisville Animal Care and Use Program also fully endorses the National Research Council, Guide for the Care and Use of Laboratory Animals, which is used as a basis for Program development and AAALAC accreditation.
Principal IACUC activities are as follows:
Prior to IACUC review, a "Proposal to Use Laboratory Animals in Research and Teaching" must be pre-reviewed by a member of the Research Resources Facilities Veterinary Care staff. This pre-review not only satisfies regulatory requirements for veterinary involvement in project design but also helps ensure that personnel and facilities are available to support the proposed work. Following pre-review, the proposal is submitted to a primary reviewer and one to three secondary reviewers, depending on the nature of the project. Summaries of proposals under review are sent to all IACUC members, which may elect to request full committee deliberation prior to approval. Otherwise, approval is granted after all assigned reviewers’ concerns are met. Decisions involving proposal disposition (approval, contingent approval, or disapproval) are made only after consideration of non-animal models and other research methods that reduce animal number and/or any anticipated distress. Committee objectives are accomplished while preserving the freedom of scientific inquiry. This process is usually completed within three to four weeks.
All research staff members are required to attend training seminars that address humane methods of animal maintenance and research experimentation. Also discussed in mandatory training are the availability and use of research or testing methods that limit the use of animals and minimize animal distress. This includes the proper use of anesthetics and analgesics. Procedures whereby personnel may report perceived deficiencies in the Animal Care and Use Program are also defined. Issues pertaining to the hazards associated with animals and mandatory enrollment in the Occupational Health and Safety Program for personnel exposed to research animals are also presented. Because of such issues, the IACUC also serves as a liaison for research staff and other important oversight bodies within the University, including the Department of Environmental Health and Safety, Radiation Safety, and the Recombinant DNA Committee.
Once approval for the use of animals is secured, the faculty and staff of the RRF are responsible for maintaining research animals in a clean and distress-free environment. In maintaining centralized animal holding facilities, the RRF strives to provide investigative staff with physiologically and psychologically healthy research subjects. The University Animal Care and Use Program views the relationship of the IACUC, RRF, and research staff as a partnership in providing the highest quality animal model possible to support the highest quality research data.
For more information regarding the University’s policies, contact the Health Sciences Center Office of Research Services.
In compliance with NIH Guidelines and University policies, an Institutional Biosafety Committee (IBC) has been established at the University of Louisville. UofL’s Institutional Biosafety Committee (IBC) reviews all institutional activities involving the use of biohazardous agents and recombinant DNA molecules that require approval for "biosafety activities" as described in current governmental regulatory requirements. These regulatory requirements include, but are not limited to, the National Institutes of Health (NIH) Recombinant DNA Guidelines, the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC) Guidelines, and the Occupational Safety and Health Administration (OSHA) regulations and compliance directives as adopted and adhered to by KY OSHA.
All principal investigators that want to use one of the following biological agents must complete and submit at IBC application/registration form:
The IBC application/registration form is available on-line at the DEHS web site at https://louisville.edu/dehs/committees/IBC/ibc.html. Completed application/registration forms must be submitted by the principal investigator to DEHS electronically in addition to submitting a signed copy via campus mail for the official record. This form serves as an application to use some of the agents listed above and only a registration to use others. In general, approval from the IBC is needed for work with Class 2 and 3 biological agents; recombinant DNA (unless it is specifically exempt per the NIH guidelines); and human gene transfer. DEHS and, in some cases the IBC, will review the uses of the other biological agents listed above and may require additional information and follow-up if deemed necessary.
The IBC's charge is to ensure that all procedures and facilities involving the use of biological agents, recombinant DNA and large scale activities meet the best interests of laboratory safety, effective research, as well as the environment and general public. The IBC is appointed by and reports to the Executive Vice President of Research. The composition of the committee meets the requirements as specified in the NIH Guidelines which includes two community members that are not affiliated with the University of Louisville. The IBC has standing monthly meetings, which are generally scheduled the last week of each month. The Department of Environmental Health and Safety provides the necessary administrative support for the functions and business of the IBC.
The University of Louisville’s radiation safety program encompasses approval of Authorized Users and uses of radioactive materials, worker training, laboratory surveys, purchasing and inventory control of radioactive materials, bioassay, personal dosimetry, radioactive waste disposal, survey instrument calibration and emergency response. The Radioactive Materials User Guide is the policy and procedure manual for all authorized users of radioactive materials and the personnel under their direction that handle radioactive materials. The Department of Environmental Health and Safety’s (DEHS) Radiation Safety Office writes and maintains the University’s radioactive materials licenses. These licenses are issued by the Kentucky Radiation Control Branch of the Cabinet for Human Resources under the authority of the Nuclear Regulatory Commission. Additionally, DEHS’s Radiation Safety Office coordinates the activities of the Radiation Safety Committee, which meets quarterly. Under UofL’s radioactive materials licenses, the Radiation Safety Committee has full authority to govern radioactive materials usage within the university. In accordance with our licenses and state regulation, the Committee is charged with the following duties and responsibilities:
In order to obtain authorization to procure and use radioactive material at UofL, an individual must: be a full-time faculty member; have prior training and experience in the types of radioactive material and uses requested; and complete an "Application for Authorization to Use Radioactive Material" form. The first point of contact in the application process is the Radiation Safety Office, which is located in Room 102 of the Library/Commons Building. Applications are available on-line or by calling 852-5231. Once the application is completed, it should be submitted to the Radiation Safety Office so that the Radiation Safety Officer can perform a preliminary review. The application will then be routed to appropriate members of the Radiation Safety Committee for ultimate approval or disapproval.
All authorized users of radioactive materials must comply with the conditions and possession limits of their authorization and UofL’s radioactive materials license as follows:
Additionally, the Authorized User is responsible for assuring that all individuals under his/her direction that handle radioactive materials have received adequate instruction in radiation safety principles applicable to specific practices of that particular laboratory. It should be noted that many handling and radiation safety procedures pertain to circumstances in a particular lab or institution; therefore, it may not be assumed that instruction has necessarily been adequately provided by prior occupational training, board certification, etc.
Completion of the initial orientation radiation safety training course offered by the Radiation Safety Office is mandatory for all individuals using radioactive materials. This two-hour course is generally offered the second and fourth Tuesday’s from 9 to 11 AM in the History room of the Kornhauser Library at HSC. Group or individualized training can be arranged on a case-by-case basis. All users and workers that require this training must contact the Radiation Safety Office at 852-5231 to register. Annual refresher training is also mandatory for all users of radioactive material. This training is now available on-line at https://louisville.edu/dehs/rad/radiationsafety.html .
X- Ray Units and Other Radiation Producing Machines
Machines that produce ionizing radiation, such as x-rays from fluoroscopes or analytical x-ray units or gamma radiation from irradiators, must be registered with the Kentucky Radiation Control Branch as required by state law. Department Chairs are responsible for review and approval of proposed uses of all ionizing radiation producing machines within their jurisdiction. Such approval signifies that the department will provide the resources including facilities and equipment necessary to control hazards. Prior to departmental approval, the Radiation Safety Office must be notified of any new ionizing radiation producing equipment in the event that revisions to UofL’s licenses and permits are required. All individuals working with x-ray units or machines that produce ionizing radiation must be trained by the Principal Investigator or Clinical Supervisor in the appropriate safety practices and must wear dosimetry. Compliance surveys of radiation producing machines are conducted by the Radiation Safety Office on a pre-set time frame consistent with the license issued by the Kentucky Cabinet for Human Resources’ Radiation Control Branch.
9.5 Laser Safety
Lasers are utilized in research and clinical applications throughout the university. The laser’s high degree of coherence of the light beam makes it an ideal tool for many different applications. However, this coherence also makes the light beam (direct or reflected) a serious threat for damage to the human eye. For that reason, the American National Standards Institute has developed a guideline entitled "Standards for the Safe Use of Lasers" (ANSI z136.1) which is the laser industry’s standard for all persons who operate Class II, Class III, or Class IV laser products. Since this is widely regarded as "standard of care", the University of Louisville recognizes and adopts the provisions of ANSI z 136.1. Additionally, the Occupational Safety and Health Administration (OSHA) issued a directive to its compliance officers entitled "Guidelines for Laser Safety and Hazard Assessment" since citations for safety problems with lasers can be issued under OSHA’s general duty clause. This directive provides detailed information on laser types, hazards, classifications, control measures, and personal protective equipment. In addition to the operations and maintenance manual for each laser, this directive contains useful information that can serve as the basis of training for users of lasers.
All Principal Investigators and Clinical Supervisors that have lasers are responsible for the training and safety of personnel under their direction that may use the laser. This includes ensuring that protective eyewear is available and utilized and that beam stops or other engineering safety features are not defeated or removed. Principal Investigators and Clinical Supervisors must notify the Radiation Safety Office of any existing class IIIB or IV lasers as well as any purchased in the future. All injuries involving lasers must be reported to the Radiation Safety Office as well as UofL’s Worker’s Compensation representative in the Risk Management department.
OSHA Directive Publication 8-1.7 "Guidelines for Laser Safety and Hazard Assessment" is available at http://www.osha.gov/pls/oshaweb/owadisp.show_document?p_table=DIRECTIVES&p_id=1705
Another helpful resource provided by the Lions Laser Skin Center in Vancouver, BC is at:
A laser safety video is also available for checkout through the DEHS web site at https://louisville.edu/dehs/train/laser.html
When laboratories are to be relocated, renovated, vacated or closed, all chemical, radioactive, biological or other hazardous materials must be removed and disposed, in accordance with applicable EPA, OSHA, NIH, CDC and other regulations. Equipment and items that may pose a potential danger to people or the environment must be removed and properly disposed. Failure to comply with the policy below may result in sanctions. Policy For Laboratory Decommissioning
9.6 Chemical Agents
The use and storage of hazardous chemicals are highly regulated by federal, state and local agencies such as the Occupational Safety and Health Administration (OSHA), the Environmental Protection Agency (EPA), the National Fire Protection Association (NFPA), and the Metropolitan Sewer District (MSD). An overview of environmental, health and safety regulations applicable to laboratories is available on the DEHS web site at https://louisville.edu/dehs/ohs/labchemsafe/labchemsafe.html. This information source, Regulatory Requirements and Standards of Care for Laboratories, provides compliance basics on various aspects of chemical safety, including keys to compliance, training information, common problems to avoid, as well as University contacts for additional support and resources.
This section of the Research Handbook will not attempt to duplicate that web-based resource, but will instead emphasize one of the major regulations impacting research laboratories using hazardous chemicals: the OSHA Laboratory Standard. This standard regulates laboratory use of hazardous chemicals. Compliance with this standard centers on each laboratory having its own written Chemical Hygiene Plan with the following major elements:
Policies and procedures for chemical safety are incorporated in the University Laboratory Safety Manual. This manual is currently under revision, with the second edition to be published in the spring of 2003. The Laboratory Safety Manual, 2nd edition, when supplemented with standard operating procedures for any highly hazardous chemicals used by an individual laboratory, will serve as a laboratory-specific Chemical Hygiene Plan.
For laboratories interested in performing self audits of laboratory safety compliance, a Self-Inspection Checklist and a more detailed Laboratory Safety Guidance Document are available in the Lab Safety Section of the Department of Environmental Health and Safety(DEHS) web site at https://louisville.edu/dehs/ohs/labchemsafe/labchemsafe.html The DEHS Laboratory Safety Coordinator conducts periodic laboratory safety audits. Faculty or laboratory managers are also encouraged to request a DEHS lab safety audit, particularly if a highly hazardous chemical or procedure has been introduced to the lab.
In addition to physical audits of laboratories, DEHS also provides review of research proposals requiring institutional health and safety approval. IACUC policy requires health and safety review of animal research proposals involving hazardous chemicals. If the hazard assessment indicates the need for hazard controls, DEHS determines that appropriate procedures and equipment are in place prior to approving the proposal. Granting agencies such as the American Heart Association and the Department of Defense also require this institutional review and approval. Researchers should be aware they will be required to have approved, written safety procedures for use of select carcinogens, reproductive toxins, and substances with a high degree of acute toxicity, such as cytotoxic drugs, in place prior to grant application deadlines.
Other responsibilities of the Principal Investigator related to the use of chemical agents are:
Finally, if principal investigators use large quantities of solvents or other flammable liquids, storage requirements and the allowed volumes are specified by the National Fire Protection Association (NFPA) standards and the Occupational Safety and Health Administration (OSHA) regulations. Also, there are currently fourteen (14) carcinogens and twelve (12) other chemicals that are regulated by OSHA through substance specific standards so that additional requirements may apply. See Regulatory Requirements and Standards of Care for Laboratories, which is available on the DEHS web site at louisville.edu/admin/dehs/labsafe.htm for more information.
9.7 Hazardous Chemical and Infectious Waste
The disposal of hazardous chemical waste as well as infectious waste are both highly regulated activities due to the potential for environmental harm if not properly handled. As such, DEHS has developed a Disposal Guide to provide assistance to faculty and staff on the required procedures to handle and dispose of these types of waste. This manual is available on-line at https://louisville.edu/dehs/waste/waste.html. In addition to providing the requirements for proper disposal of chemical and infectious waste, it also includes information on disposal requirements of gas cylinders; empty containers; controlled drugs and waste oils since these are all potential issues that principal investigators in labs may encounter.
Completion of the hazardous waste training course offered by DEHS is mandatory for all persons who manage hazardous waste in laboratories. At a minimum, one person from each laboratory that generates hazardous waste must be designated by the principal investigator to take this course. It offers information about the basics of complying with hazardous waste regulations and instructs university personnel in the procedures for having hazardous waste picked up by DEHS. Arrangements for this training can be made by contacting DEHS’s Hazardous Waste Coordinator by email Catharine R. Price or by calling 852-6670.
All laboratories that generate hazardous waste are considered "satellite accumulation areas" by EPA. Since colleges and universities across the country are now a major focus of EPA inspections, it is vitally important that all principal investigators and research personnel that generate hazardous chemical waste comply with the following Satellite Accumulation Requirements:
NOTE: Many universities are being assessed hefty fines for failure to have satellite accumulation containers in labs marked properly and closed. Any such fines assessed against UofL laboratories must be paid by the home department or lab itself.
Finally, the requirements for pickup of hazardous chemical waste and infectious waste are available on-line at https://louisville.edu/dehs/waste (Chapters 3 and 5, respectively, of the Disposal Guide).
9.8 Financial Conflict of Interest in Research
The University of Louisville has developed policies and procedures for promoting objectivity and responsible conduct of research by managing, reducing, or eliminating conflicts of interest. This policy was developed to address 42 CFR 50.605 promoting integrity in research.
A Disclosure of Significant Financial Interest form is required for each key personnel listed on a federal proposal prior to institutional signoff by the Office of Sponsored Programs Grants Administration (OSPGA), formerly Grants Management. The Disclosure of Financial Interest form is part of the Proposal Clearance Form (Word) as it must be submitted with each proposal.
The Disclosure of Significant Financial Interest Form and Guidelines (Research Integrity Program) and the General Disclosure Form (Office of Sponsored Programs Grants Administration) can be found on the web or by contacting the appropriate office. Each year all faculty members and the key research staff members, as identified by PIs/PDs, are asked to complete the Disclosure of Significant Financial Interest Form for Possible Conflict of Interest or Conflict of Commitment.
9.9 Misconduct in Research
Consistent with the requirements of several federal agencies, the University of Louisville has adopted guidelines with respect to allegations of misconduct or fraud in the conduct of research entitled Responding to Allegations of Research Misconduct (PDF) .
The policy expresses desirable practices accepted in the scientific community. It encourages an atmosphere of integrity and quality of research and helps reduce the potential of scientific misconduct. Although the policy is to be considered as a set of recommendations rather than rules, departures from the policy should be undertaken only in exceptional circumstances. The faculty of the University accepts the practices described in the policy, as summarized below:
- Plagiarism: reporting others' data without acknowledging the source;
- Fabrication: reporting invented or counterfeited data;
- Falsification: altering raw data for reporting purposes. "Trimming" is the practice of smoothing irregularities to make the data look extremely accurate and precise.
- Claims and conclusions should be supportable by the data.
- Statistical testing should be appropriate to the study. Consultation with knowledgeable persons during the planning of the study should be seriously considered. Authors and co-authors may ultimately be held responsible for the statistics used.
- Knowing when to terminate a research project is important. Too often this is done only when the data approximates preconceived expectations. Being honest with one's self is essential to this process.
- Laboratory directors (and even department or unit heads) have often shared responsibility for fraud with guilty PIs/PDs. If an operation is so large that the PI/PD cannot assume responsibility for the integrity of the work that emerges from his/her laboratories, the operation is probably too large. Those in charge of research have a responsibility to supervise young researchers and set standards for their behavior as research scholars and scientists. This includes insisting that there be no compromise with intellectual honesty. "Written, detailed, explicit procedures for data-gathering, storage and analysis" are desirable.
- Confidentiality of ideas and other information, such as that to which one might be exposed in the course of refereeing journal articles or serving on grant review committees, must be maintained.
- The dignity and well-being of human subjects in all research is highly valued to all scientists. Therefore, policies of institutional and granting agencies for the protection of human subjects should be strictly followed.
- The well-being of laboratory animals assumes a high priority with all scientists. Therefore, policies of institutional and granting agencies for the welfare of laboratory animals should be strictly followed.
Procedures for handling allegations of research misconduct are described by the University Guidelines. The Guidelines satisfy both the NIH and NSF requirements in general, but individuals making allegations, as well as all others involved in inquiries and investigations, are cautioned to familiarize themselves with the specific rules of all granting agencies involved by clicking on the links to those policies.
9.10 Research Activities Performed by Outside Organizations
The University of Louisville recognizes that from time to time it may be appropriate for an outside organization to perform research activities, including human subject research, at the University. The University will consider requests for such activities based on the following guidelines:
- University faculty research must have priority over all private-sector research with respect to all resources including facilities, equipment, services, and personnel.
- The services that are to be provided to the outside company should be for stated periods of time rather than permanent.
- The research being conducted in University facilities must be within the research mission of at least one of the University’s departments.
- If the research involves human subjects, then the guidance subscribed to by the university must be followed. This includes review by the appropriate University of Louisville IRB and continued oversight by the IRB for the length of the project.
- The University will receive reimbursement for all costs associated with each individual project. Such reimbursement shall include incremental costs incurred by the University as a result of the use plus the appropriate indirect cost for sponsored projects.
- The University will not make its facilities available for services that are available from the private sector in the Louisville area. This guideline would apply to the basic purpose for which facilities are used and not to all ancillary services.
- All companies must have a sponsoring department that is willing to certify to at least the following:
- The department has the space available for the outside company to perform the project.
- The project will not take away from any of the department's functions or activities.
- The department will be responsible for all administrative details relating to the proposed company's use of the facilities, such as obtaining temporary parking permits through University Police, arranging for keys, etc.
- If University resources for which it has an obligation to a third party are to be used, the sponsoring department will appoint a faculty member who will be responsible for the conduct of the outside company relating to those resources.
- All such arrangements should be subject to a business agreement to be negotiated by the Office of the Executive Vice President for Research upon the recommendation of the sponsoring department and the appropriate dean, with final approval by the President.
9.11 Responding to Instances of Non-Compliance
The University has taken steps to manage compliance risk, but in the event that an instance of non-compliance occurs, the University has created a mechanism through which instances of non-compliance with federal, sponsor, or University regulations will be investigated. The Research Integrity Committee will work with Human Resources, University legal counsel and the Monitoring Auditing and Response Task Force to determine the appropriate responses to incidents of non-compliance and to make recommendations regarding discipline to the Executive Research Compliance Oversight Committee. The Monitoring and Response Task Force, the Department of Audits, the Research Integrity Program, the Department Chair/Dean and the Executive Vice President for Research may assist with the determination of appropriate responses to specific instances of non-compliance.
9.12 Committee Information
Application deadlines, meeting schedules, procedures and forms for each of the University of Louisville's research regulation committees can be found at the following points of contact:
|Aimal Care (IACUC)||7307||Animal Care (IACUC)|
|Institutional Biosafety Committee (IBC)||6670||Institutional Biosafety Committee (IBC)|
|Human Subjects Protection Prog. Office (IRB)||5188||Human Subjects Protection Program Office|
|Radiation Safety Committee||5231||Radiation Safety Office|