Physio News

Master of  Science Program Available via Distance Learning for the 2020-21 Academic Year
The COVID-19 pandemic has necessitated that most universities and colleges offer their classes online for the remainder of the 2019-2020 academic year.  The University of Louisville has also required that all summer classes be offered online. Although we anticipate that there might be an opportunity for face-to-face lectures and meetings during the Fall semester, our Department of Physiology has made the decision to move our Master of Science Graduate Program to an online format. We will offer required courses and a number of elective courses online (video conferencing, online testing, mentoring and counseling, etc.) to allow students to complete the required number of credits for the M.S. degree.  It should be noted that our Department had been preparing for a distance learning format for our M.S., well before the COVID-19 pandemic. The online presentation of the program does not preclude students from physically coming come to the University of Louisville; especially if they desire electives that might not be offered online and the University has reopened for face-to-face classes.  We are excited to help our students strengthen their foundational understanding of the basic sciences focused in the Health Sciences with our online M.S. Graduate Program in Physiology at The University of Louisville!
Responding to the Census
The 2020 Census asks a few simple questions about you and everyone who was living with you on April 1, 2020. It's not too late to complete your 2020 Census. Please complete your form online, by phone, or by mail when your invitation to respond arrives. Visit to begin. Find out more about each of these methods below: If you are responding online, you must complete the census in one session, as you don't have the ability to save your progress. You can see the questions the census asked.  Even if you did not receive an invitation to respond from the Census Bureau, you may respond online or visit the Contact Us page to call the phone line. The Census Bureau began mailing paper questionnaires in mid-April to homes that had not yet responded. If you have not already responded, please complete and mail back your form as soon as you receive it.  If you prefer, you still have the option of responding online or by phone instead. The 2020 Census counts everyone living in the United States and its five territories. One person should respond for each home. That person must be at least 15 years old. They should live in the home or place of residence themselves and know general information about each person living there. The Census Bureau has specific operations and processes in place to count everyone, including those in group living situations such as college dorms, nursing homes, military barracks, and prisons. You should be counted where you were living and sleeping most of the time as of April 1, 2020. If you are responding for your home, count everyone who was living and sleeping there most of the time as of April 1, 2020. This includes young children, foster children, roommates, and any family members or friends who are living with you, even temporarily.


Two Stories of Inspiration:  

1. Shake off problems  A man and his donkey were on the way to grazing when the donkey fell into a huge pit. The man was shaken and tried hard to pull his favorite donkey up to the ground. Despite his strenuous attempts, he failed to bring the donkey up. But he can’t leave the donkey to starve and die with pain for days. So he decided to bury him alive and make his death smoother. So he started pouring soil over the donkey in the pit. When he poured the soil, the donkey felt the load and shook it off and he stepped on it. He did the same every time the soil was poured on his body. In the end, he reached the ground level and easily walked away to graze in the green pastures.  Moral: Don’t choose to live with your problem. Just shake off your problems, stand on them, and step up in life after learning from them. Every bad experience is a new learning experience. So get the positives out of it and work toward your goals. 

2. Let go of your stresses  A psychology professor entered the classroom with half a glass of water in his hand. The students expected the old common question “was it half empty or half full?” But to their surprise, he asked them, “How heavy is this glass of water?” The answers given by the students ranged from 7 oz. to 25 oz.  The professor replied that the actual weight of the glass with water doesn’t always matter, but how long you hold the glass is what matters. If you hold the glass for a minute, you won’t feel much weight. But if you hold it for 10 minutes, you will feel a little more weight and it gets heavier for you with hours. If you hold it for the entire day, then your hands would go numb and be painful. This is similar to carrying stress with you. If you think about it for a while and leave it, then there is no problem, but if you think about it for hours, it starts becoming a problem and it becomes worse if you sleep with it. Moral: You should learn to let go of your stresses and never sleep with it. If you can do something about it, just do it. If not, just leave it and work toward your goals. Otherwise, it just kills your productivity.

Pay Reductions and Furloughs in Response to University Financial Shortfall 

Due to Covid-19 Pandemic: As many of you are aware, the University has had to take painful actions to address the expected $35 million dollar shortfall for the academic year. The following actions have or are being taken: Immediately pay reductions (10%,  5%, or 2%) for our senior leadership, our athletics’ senior-level administrators and head coaches, and for any university employee whose total compensation is above $100,000.  A campus-wide hiring freeze was initiated as well as spending reductions.  University retirement contributions for all employees will be stopped from May 1 through July 31.  All faculty and some staff members who earn between $58,000 to $99,999 will see a 1% pay reduction for the months of May and June Some staff members have subject to a temporary furlough at the discretion of their unit’s vice president, dean or vice provost. These furloughs could be for two weeks, one month or for an indefinite amount of time depending in large part on the duration of the COVID-19 situation. We hope that these changes will allow the University to function and address the expected shortfall in revenue for this year. We need to remember, however, that the new budget and academic year will begin on July 1, 2020 with a new set of both financial and academic challenges. Department Staff Furloughs in Response to  University Financial Shortfall  Each of our office staff have been impacted by the temporary furloughs, and during the next 2 months, one or more of them may not be available to assist you with office related matters. Rest assured that at all times, at least one Department of Physiology staff member will be available to assist you.


Congratulations to Dr. and Mrs. Alex Carll on the birth of Reed Mustin Carll on April 15th. Baby Reed was  8 pounds, 4 ounces at birth and was born at the UofL Center for Women and Children. Mom and baby are healthy and doing well.

Congratulation to Dr. Suresh Tyagi and colleagues on their publication: “Remote ischemic conditioning as a cytoprotective strategy in vasculopathies during hyperhomocysteinemia: An emerging research perspective,” being recognized as among the top 10% most downloaded papers in Journal of Cellular Biochemistry. 


Andrew Hodges Andrew L. Hodges was born in Suffolk, England, but spent most of his life in Virginia.  He grew up on a farm, and he showed a very early interest in nature and wildlife.  Growing up, his mother (a high school teacher) frequently encouraged him to read and introduced him to her collection of fantasy and science fiction novels.  This led to Andrew’s voracious love of reading and his continuous obsession with speculative fiction.  In school, he was notoriously bad at math but excelled at writing and history, taking AP English courses all through high school.  He originally planned to go to college for an English degree with dreams of being a novelist.  However, during his senior year, he rediscovered his interest in biology thanks to mentoring from an excellent science teacher.  He attended Liberty University and received an undergraduate degree in Pre-med biology with a minor in chemistry. After graduating, he worked as a paint contractor to support his family while applying to medical school.  To build up medical experience for his applications, he started volunteering at Lynchburg General Hospital on weekends and served as a patient representative in the emergency room.  After four years of MCATS and applications failed to yield any results, he decided to return to Liberty to get a Master’s in Biomedical Science.  While on his second trip through Liberty, he worked as a GSA and taught undergraduate physiology labs and animal dissections . When not in class, he performed lab work as a histology technician during his first year of graduate school.  After getting his Master’s, he taught anatomy and physiology at Virginia University of Lynchburg, a small school catering to underprivileged students seeking higher education.  This is Andrew’s first year at U of L, and he is currently being mentored by Dr. Alex Carll.  Once he has his Ph.D., Andrew plans to pursue a postdoc and hopes to do research in the field of regenerative medicine.  He has inherited his mother’s passion for education and wants to one day teach medical students the ins and outs of physiology.  Andrew lives in Louisville with his wife and a rabbit she made him buy.


Dr. Agnes Eleanore Jimenez, born October 21, 1943 in Sharon, Pennsylvania, died November 30, 2019 in Kingwood, Texas at the age of 76. Aggie, as she was known by family and friends, earned her R.N. from St. Elizabeth Hospital School of Nursing in Youngstown, Ohio in 1965. After acquiring her BA from University of Toledo in 1967, she pursued graduate school and earned her Ph.D. in Physiology and Biophysics from the University of Louisville in Louisville, KY in 1976. She was employed by the Department of Physiology and Biophysics for over 28 years, serving as a professor, researcher and lecturer. Aggie leaves behind a legacy of life-long friendships and many cherished memories. Everyone whose life she touched will always remember Aggie Jimenez. Aggie is survived by her children, daughter Lucy Schmidt and her husband, John Schmidt, of Kingwood, TX, daughter Loly Jimenez of Sellersburg, IN, son Pedro “Pete” Jimenez of Deer Park, TX, sister Andrea Horvath, brother Franklin Weber, seven grandchildren, six great-grandchildren, and numerous nieces and nephews.


Recipe of the Month: Banana Bread
2 cups all-purpose flour   
1 teaspoon baking soda  
¼ teaspoon salt    
½ cup butter   
¾ cup brown sugar    
2 eggs, beaten   
2 ⅓ cups mashed overripe bananas    


Step 1    Preheat oven to 350 degrees F. Lightly grease a 9x5 inch loaf pan.

Step 2    In a large bowl, combine flour, baking soda and salt. In a separate bowl, cream together butter and brown sugar. Stir in eggs and mashed bananas until well blended. Stir banana mixture into flour mixture; stir just to moisten. Pour batter into prepared loaf pan.

Step 3    Bake in preheated oven for 60 to 65 minutes, until a toothpick inserted into center of the loaf comes out clean. Let bread cool in pan for 10 minutes, then turn out onto a wire rack