Bike Safety Protocols

Traffic Principles


  • Ride on the right.
  • Always ride with the flow of traffic.
  • Do not ride on the sidewalk.
  • Allow yourself room to maneuver around roadway hazards.
  • Roads with higher traffic volumes should be given right-of-way.
  • Always use signals to indicate your intentions to switch lanes.
  • Look behind you to indicate your desire to move.
  • Yield to traffic in destination lane.
  • Traffic in your destination lane has the right-of-way.
  • Making eye contact with drivers lets them know that you see them.
  • Signal and make your lane change early.
  • Position yourself in the right-most lane that goes in the direction of your destination. Ride in the right third of the lane.
  • Position yourself relative to the speed of other traffic, left-most lane is for fastest moving traffic, right-most for slower traffic.

Efficiency on the Bike


  • Try to spin about 90 rpms at all times, you will have more energy and get a better workout. It is faster than you think!
  • Shift into an easier gear before you need it; before a climb instead of during one.
  • Use the same pedal force and cadence to climb as you do to descend.
  • When stopped, don't push off the ground to get started. Leave one pedal in the two o'clock position; push down when you are ready to go, you will have enough momentum to balance and put your other foot on the pedal.
  • Relax while you ride; it takes energy to grip the handlebar. Change hand positions often, slightly bend your elbows, stretch your neck while riding.
  • Make sure that your saddle height is adjusted properly. Too high and your hips rock; too low causes knee pain. You should have a slight bend in your knee at the bottom of the pedal stroke.
  • Stay away from soft shoes, they absorb pedaling energy and slow you down. Stiff-soled cycling shoes help you transfer more energy to forward motion.
  • Listen to your body while you ride to avoid hitting the wall of exhaustion. Eat before you are hungry and drink before you are thirsty to avoid fatigue. If you experience a lightheaded feeling, get off the bike and get some


Ride Smart Cycling Videos by the League of American Bicyclists