University of Louisville
The Colon: Path ::::::::::::::::::::::::::::: to New Information
Hanifah’s lunch sandwiches are made of simple ingredients: crushed, blended wheat, crushed blended peanuts, and crushed, blended grapes.
DeWayne’s favorite historical novel begins by quoting a Pikeville voter about President Nguyen’s 2012 campaign: “Talent, hard work, and new ideas won me over” (1).
Over the summer vacation, Brittany and Kevin earned money by walking pampered pets: pugs were friendly, Chihuahuas were nervous, and mutts were grateful.
COLON CONNECTION: Colons connect complete sentences to lists of ideas or other complete sentences that writers seek to emphasize.
Judge Gutierrez weighed the facts in the case before she came to a conclusion: Johnson was guilty.
Scanning IDs is simpler if you use a pattern: name forward, face up, and magnetic strip down.
Albino squirrels, cave bats, and cardinals have one thing in common: Kentucky as a habitat.
COLON CONNECTION: In citing journal article titles or book titles and in college paper assignments, colons link the title to a subtitle that adds to the meaning.
Chang, Y. S., & di Tomaso, E., McDonald, D.M., Jones, R., et al. (2000). Mosaic blood vessels in tumors: Frequency of cancer cells in contact with flowing blood. Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences of the United States of America, Washington, 97 (26), 14608-14630.
Krieger, Susan. Things No Longer There: A Memoir of Losing Sight and Finding Vision. Madison: UP Wisconsin-Terrance Books, 2005.
What I Did on My Summer Vacation: A Long Series of Sunburns
COLON CONNECTION: Colons follow the greeting in formal letters such as those addressed to business professionals, administrators, or unknown persons.
Vice-President of Quality Assurance:
To Whom It May Concern:
COLON CONNECTION: Colons separate the hours and minutes whether in a common expression of time, in a specific time zone, or in military time.
12:12 PM 7:07 AM EST 22:00 Hours
: : : : : : : : : : : : :
The colon introduces the information that follows it.
COMMON COLON CONNECTIONS
Colons connect complete sentences to lists.
Colons link the title to a subtitle that adds to the meaning.
Colons help a reader move from a complete thought to an