Warren W. Boling, MD, FAANS, FRCSC, FRACS
Interim Chair and Professor, Department of Neurosurgery
Chief of Neurosurgery, University of Louisville Hospital
Texas Tech School of Medicine, MD
Neurosurgical Residency Training at University of Kentucky
Dr. Boling treats all neurosurgical conditions of the brain, spine and nerves. He has particular interest and expertise in surgery for epilepsy, brain tumor, hydrocephalus and spinal disease.
Dr. Boling received his M.D. from the Texas Tech School of Medicine in 1991. He completed residency training in Neurosurgery at the University of Kentucky from 1991-1997. After completing his residency, he served as clinical and research fellow in epilepsy and functional neurosurgery at Montreal Neurological Institute, McGill University and as clinical and research fellow in epilepsy surgery at University of Melbourne, Austin and Repatriation Medical Centre, Department of Neurosurgery. After two years as Assistant Professor of Neurosurgery at West Virginia University and Robert C. Byrd Health Sciences Center, he was promoted to Associate Professor, a role he filled from 2004-2010. While at West Virginia University, Dr. Boling served as Director Section of Surgery for Epilepsy, Research Scientist, Center for Advanced Imaging, Department of Radiology, Director of Imaging and Image Guidance Laboratory and Director of Gamma Knife Radiosurgery Program.
Dr. Boling is certified by the American Board of Neurological Surgery (2003) and is a Fellow of both the Royal College of Surgeons of Canada and the Royal Australasian College of Surgeons.
Steven R. Williams, MD
Vice Chair, Department of Neurosurgery
Professor, Division of Physical Medicine and Rehabilitation
Chief, Division of Spinal Cord Medicine
Director of Translational Research
Vice President of Medical Affairs, Frazier Rehabilitation and Neuroscience Institute/KentuckyOne Health
Specialty: Spinal Cord Injury
Dr. Williams specializes in Spinal Cord Medicine including activity-based therapies and functional recovery, prevention of secondary effects of paralysis, consumer education and advocacy and emerging technologies in rehabilitation. He is the Chief of the Division of Spinal Cord Medicine in the Department of Neurological Surgery at the University of Louisville School of Medicine.
Dr. Williams is board certified in Physical Medicine & Rehabilitation and subspecialty certified in Spinal Cord Medicine. He holds the faculty rank of Professor of Physical Medicine & Rehabilitation and is the Co-Principal Investigator of the Kentucky Regional Spinal Cord Injury Center’s Spinal Cord Injury Model Systems Grant from the National Institute on Disability and Rehabilitation Research (NIDRR). In addition, Dr. Williams holds grants from the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC) focusing on the prevention of secondary effects from paralysis.
Dr. Williams was previously Chairman of the Department of Rehabilitation Medicine at the Boston University School of Medicine. He received his medical degree from Eastern Virginia Medical School in Norfolk, VA and completed his residency at the Rusk Institute for Rehabilitation at New York University School of Medicine.
Dr. Williams, who joined the UofL faculty in July, 2012, is excited about the work he is doing in Louisville. “Practicing in spinal cord medicine allows me the opportunity to assist patients who have experienced a catastrophic life change,” Dr. Williams said. “I am thrilled to have the opportunity to work with the world-class researchers and caregivers at Frazier Rehab and the University of Louisville.”
Thomas J. Altstadt, MD, FAANS
Assistant Professor, Department of Neurosurgery
Indiana University School of Medicine, M.D.
Neurological Residency Training at Indiana University School of Medicine
Dr. Altstadt specializes in minimally invasive and complex spine surgery and the application of image-guided navigation to the treatment of spinal disorders. He also performs general and peripheral nerve neurosurgery.
Dr. Altstadt joined the University of Louisville Department of Neurosurgery in August, 2012. Prior to coming to UofL, he practiced neurosurgery from 2008-2012 in Oregon with Southern Oregon Neurosurgical & Spine Associates, PC. He is licensed in Kentucky, Indiana and Oregon.
As a junior in medical school, Dr. Altstadt was inducted into the Alpha Omega Alpha Honor Medical Society. He went on to complete his medical degree, general surgery internship, neurological surgery residency, and an additional postgraduate fellowship in complex spinal surgery at Indiana University School of Medicine in Indianapolis. Dr. Altstadt is the recipient of the American College of Surgeons Award and the Pittman Surgical Scholarship Award and is the author of numerous peer reviewed articles.
Maxwell Boakye, MD, MPH, MBA, FACS, FAANS
Associate Professor, Department of Neurosurgery
Ole A., Mabel Wise & Wilma Wise Nelson Endowed Chair
Chief of Spinal Neurosurgery
Rutgers University, B.S. Mathematics and Physics
Weill Cornell Medical College, M.D.
Neurosurgical Residency Training at SUNY-Upstate
Subspeciality training in complex spinal neurosurgery at Emory University
Training in spinal oncology at Memorial Sloan-Kettering Cancer Center
Dr. Boakye specializes in general and complex spinal neurosurgery, spinal radiosurgery and minimally invasive neurosurgery.
In January 2011, Dr. Boakye moved his outcomes research laboratory and spinal cord injury labs from Stanford University to the Center for Advanced Neurosurgery at the University of Louisville. He recently submitted 4 neurosurgical outcomes research grants and one KSCHIRT grant investigating longitudinal outcomes of morphological sequelae of traumatic brain injury. Accomplishments this year include 6 published peer-reviewed publications, 1 accepted peer-reviewed publication, completion of University of Louisville enrollment for use of Riluzole in acute spinal cord injury, development of neurotrauma registry at the University and establishment of human transcranial magnetic stimulation (TMS lab) at Frazier rehab institute. He has also helped to implement a protocol for diffusion tensor imaging, voxel based morphometry and resting state FMRI at the Department of Neuroradiology at the University of Louisville.
The overall goals of my lab is to understand the physiology and plasticity of the sensorimotor system in health and in patients with spinal cord and brain injury and to use that knowledge to develop new surrogate markers of recovery, new methods of injury prognostication and new therapies for spinal cord and brain injury. Research in this section uses noninvasive multimodal methodologies including functional magnetic resonance imaging (FMRI), diffusion tensor imaging (DTI), transcranial magnetic stimulation (TMS), electroencephalography (EEG), somatosensory evoked potentials (SEP), and peripheral nerve stimulation (PNS) technologies to gain a comprehensive understanding of the physiology and plasticity of the sensorimotor system in healthy patients and in patients with spinal cord and brain injury.
Mary Ellen Buning, PhD, OTR/L, ATP/SMS
University of Florida, B.S., Occupational Therapy
Colorado State University, M.S., Occupational Therapy
University of Pittsburgh, Ph.D., Rehabilitation Science
Mary Ellen Buning, PhD, OTR/L, ATP/SMS, is an occupational therapist with 30 years as a specialist in assistive technology. She is an active leader within RESNA, the Rehabilitation Engineering and Assistive Technology Society of North America. She is credentialed by RESNA both as an Assistive Technology Practitioner (ATP) and a Seating and Mobility Specialist (SMS). She is a lifelong member of the American Occupational Therapy Association and a member of the American Occupational Therapy Foundation Board of Directors.
Dr. Buning completed her PhD in Rehabilitation Science in 2002 at the University of Pittsburgh under the mentorship of Douglas Hobson, PhD, PE. She has a strong interest in information technology and during her doctoral work developed WheelchairNet, a virtual community on wheelchair use for those seeking an active, empowered life. She investigated the use of WheelchairNet as a support for decision-making when consumers are acquiring new wheelchairs.
She currently treats patients in the U of Louisville Physicians Clinic utilizing professional skills in wheelchairs and specialized seating, home modification, and adaptations for computer and Wi-Fi technologies. Her work also supports the translational research and quality of life goals of the Frazier Spinal Cord Medicine Program.
Susan Caldecott-Johnson, MD
Specialty: Pediatric Rehabilitation
Dr. Caldecott-Johnson attended undergraduate school at Ohio State University and medical school at the University of Cincinnati. She completed her Pediatric residency at the Cincinnati Children’s Hospital Medical Center and Physical Medicine & Rehabilitation at the University of Cincinnati. She is one of only a few physicians quadruple-board certified in Pediatrics, Neurodevelopmental Disabilities, PM&R and Pediatric Rehabilitation Medicine. Dr. Caldecott-Johnson has special interests in Cerebral Palsy, Spasticity treatment, baclofen pumps, Spinal Cord medicine and Spina Bifida.
John Gormley, MD
Specialty: General Rehabilitation
Dr. Gormley is board certified by the American Board of Physical Medicine and Rehabilitation and is committed to providing his hospital and office patients compassionate personalized attention as well as providing the most innovative, advanced health care in the region. In addition to general rehabilitation, he specializes in neuromuscular diseases.
Associate Professor, Department of Neurosurgery
Chief, Vascular Neurosurgery
West Chester University, B.S., Chemistry and Biology
Tulane University School of Medicine, M.D.
Neurosurgical Residency Training at University of Maryland Medical Center? and R. Adams Cowley Shock Trauma Center
Interventional Neuroradiology Training at University of Maryland Medical Center
Cerebrovascular and Endovascular Neurosurgery Fellowship at Vanderbilt University Medical Center
Dr. James’ clinical interests include open and minimally-invasive brain aneurysm treatments, aneurysmal subarachnoid hemorrhage, arteriovenous malformations (AVM), arteriovenous fistulas, acute stroke, cavernous malformations, carotid artery stenosis treatments including carotid stenting and open carotid endarterectomy, carotid-cavernous fistula, peripheral nerve entrapment surgery, trigeminal neuralgia (tic douloureux) microvascular decompression, Adult Chiari syndrome, Moyamoya disease, traumatic brain injury, sports-related concussion, meningiomas, head and neck tumor embolization, and radiosurgery (Gamma Knife and Cyberknife).
Past Experience: Dr. James is board-certified as a diplomate of the American Board of Neurological Surgery and is a Senior Member of the Society of NeuroInterventional Surgery. Dr. James is a member of an elite group of neurosurgeons dual-trained in both open cranial neurovascular surgery and minimally-invasive endovascular neurosurgery. Dr. James served as faculty and Instructor of Clinical Neurosurgery with the Department of Neurological Surgery at Vanderbilt University School of Medicine. Dr. James then joined the faculty at the Brody School of Medicine at East Carolina University as an Assistant Professor of Neurosurgery and was successful in building the first joint cerebrovascular and endovascular neurosurgery program in eastern North Carolina serving a population of over 1.3 million people.
Current Position and Expertise: Dr. James was recruited to join the University of Louisville School of Medicine as Associate Professor of Neurosurgery and Chief of Vascular Neurosurgery. Dr. James is a nationally known and highly regarded expert in both open cerebrovascular and minimally-invasive endovascular neurosurgery. This dual-training allows Dr. James to offer an unbiased medical opinion in regards to which treatment option is best for his patients.
Dr. James has been invited to speak at numerous national neurosurgery and neuroendovascular meetings in his area of expertise and has published many scientific articles on cerebrovascular disease treatments. He is a committed educator having taught dozens of residents and fellows as faculty at national neuroendovascular practical courses. Dr. James gained recent recognition as the only neurosurgeon invited to write two chapters in the cerebrovascular section of Neurosurgery Knowledge Update, a new book planned for publication by the American Association of Neurological Surgeons (AANS).
Cerebrovascular and Stroke Research: Dr. James won the 2012 Robert Simon Chair of Research from the Brain Aneurysm Foundation and the East-West Collaboration Grant Award for his research evaluating heparin in aneurysmal subarachnoid hemorrhage. He has gained additional grant funding to lead a national, multi-center clinical trial based out of the University of Louisville that will evaluate low-dose heparin administration following cerebral aneurysm rupture. This study is designed to reduce neuroinflammation and prevent memory and cognitive deficits commonly seen in patients who survive a ruptured brain aneurysm. In addition, Dr. James will be bringing the HEAT aneurysm coiling trial to the University of Louisville that will compare gel coated coils to traditional coils in an attempt to understand which type of coil is better at fixing brain aneurysms. Dr. James will also be bringing a National Institutes of Health (NIH) funded clinical trial named MISTIE 3 to the University of Louisville that will evaluate new surgical treatments for hemorrhagic stroke, where current treatment options are very limited. Dr. James’ interest in clinical research stems from his commitment to find the safest and most effective methods to treat his patients who often have the most complex neurovascular problems. He would like to improve our understanding of these potentially devastating cerebrovascular disorders and to improve outcomes for all patients who suffer from them.
Darryl L. Kaelin, MD
Dr. Kaelin specializes in neurorehabilitation with a focus on traumatic brain injury and stroke. He is a nationally-renowned speaker on the subjects of concussion, spasticity management and neuropharmacology.
Darryl L. Kaelin, M.D. is a physician board certified by the American Board of Physical Medicine and Rehabilitation and American Board of Electrodiagnostic Medicine. He is the Division Chief of Physical Medicine and Rehabilitation and an Associate Professor in the Dept. of Neurological Surgery at the University of Louisville, where he directs the clinical inpatient rotation for the Division’s residents and serves as Residency Director.
Dr. Kaelin has published widely in peer-reviewed journals on brain injury medical education, pharmaceutical treatments, spasticity and service reimbursements. He has also led numerous, non-published medication trials sponsored through pharmaceutical funding. He has delivered presentations at regional and national conferences in the areas of spasticity management, pharmaceutical management of brain injury and medical business practice issues. He holds several positions within the Academy of Physical Medicine and Rehabilitation and the Association of Academic Physiatrists. He speaks nationally and internationally on several rehabilitation topics including the management of spasticity, deep vein thrombosis, and neuropharmacology.
Dr. Kaelin obtained his undergraduate degree from the University of Notre Dame where he played varsity baseball. He earned his medical degree from the University of Louisville School of Medicine and completed his specialty training at the Medical College of Virginia where he presided as their chief resident.
Prior to assuming his current positions with the University of Louisville and Frazier Rehabilitation Center, Dr. Kaelin spent six years as the Medical Director of the Acquired Brain Injury Program at Atlanta’s Shepherd Center, a catastrophic care hospital for people with spinal cord and brain injuries. While at the Shepherd Center, he also served as the Medical Director of Brain Injury Research and was a Clinical Associate Professor of Physical Medicine & Rehabilitation in Emory University’s School of Medicine.
Previously, Dr. Kaelin served for 10 years as the Medical Director of Brain Injury Rehabilitation at the Hook Institute in Indianapolis, where he managed patients with neurological trauma.
Dr. Kaelin is a native of Louisville, Kentucky, where he currently lives with his wife and their three children. Dr. Kaelin enjoys coaching sports and traveling in his leisure time.
Assistant Professor, Department of Neurosurgery
Director, Skull Base Program
Aristotle University of Thessaloniki, Greece, M.D.; Neurosurgical Residency Training at General Hospital of Athens “G. Gennimatas”, Greece; Minimal invasive and Endoscopic Neurosurgery Fellow at UMC St Radboud, Nijmegen, The Netherlands; Endoscopic and Open Skull Base Surgery Fellow at University of Pittsburgh Medical Center, Pittsburgh, PA.
Dr. Koutourousiou specializes in endoscopic endonasal approach (EEA) and open skull base surgery, pituitary tumors, skull base tumors, minimally invasive neurosurgery.
Dr. Koutourousiou received her M.D. from the Aristotle University of Thessaloniki, Greece and completed a neurosurgical residency at the General Hospital of Athens “G. Gennimatas”, Greece. She underwent subspecialty fellowship training in endoscopic pituitary surgery and minimal invasive neurosurgery at the UMC St Radboud, Nijmegen, The Netherlands. From 2010 to 2014, she spent four years at the Center of Cranial Base Surgery at the University of Pittsburgh Medical Center completing a research and clinical fellowship training in Endoscopic Endonasal Approaches and Open Skull Base Surgery for the treatment of brain and skull base tumors. Her research focused on evaluating patient outcome following skull base surgeries has been published and presented in numerous national and international neurosurgical meetings.
Dr. Koutourousiou’s work in Skull Base Surgery has been recognized and awarded by the European Skull Base Society (2009) and the World Federation of Skull Base Societies (2012)..
Kara A. Lonser, PsyD
Assistant Professor, Department of Neurosurgery
Andrews University, B.S., Elementary Education; Chicago School of Professional Psychology, M.A., Clinical Psychology; Clinical Psychology Pre-doctoral Internship, Veterans Affairs Maryland Health Care System/University of Maryland-Baltimore Psychology Internship Consortium; Chicago School of Professional Psychology, Psy.D., Clinical Psychology; West Virginia University School of Medicine, Postdoctoral Residency in Clinical Neuropsychology.
After completing her post-doctoral residency in Clinical Neuropsychology at the West Virginia School of Medicine, Dr. Lonser served as an Assistant Professor for two years at the school. She then entered private practice as a Clinical Neuropsychologist in Victoria, Australia. Dr. Lonser later moved to Australia’s McKellar Centre Barwon Hospital, working in the area of Aged Psychiatric Services.
In 2012, Dr. Lonser joined the Frazier Rehabilitation Center in Louisville, Kentucky and also became an Assistant Professor in the University of Louisville Neurosurgery department.
Haring J.W. Nauta, MD, PhD, FACS
Professor, Department of Neurosurgery
Neurosurgery Residency Program Director
Duke University, B.S., Biology and Chemistry; Case Western Reserve University School of Medicine, M.D.; Case Western Reserve University School of Medicine, Ph.D.; Neurosurgical Residency Training at University of Toronto
Dr. Nauta’s long and distinguished career began when he was a Guest Investigator at the Institut fur Hirnforschung der Universitat in Zurich, Switzerland. From there he became an Assistant Professor of Neurosurgery at the University of Toronto. Two years later, he joined the University of Texas Medical Branch at Galveston as an Associate Professor of Neurosurgery.
He then spent an eight year stint as an Associate Professor of Neurosurgery and Radiation Oncology at the prestigious Johns Hopkins University in Baltimore, Maryland. Afterwards, he returned to the University of Texas Medical Branch at Galveston, this time as a Professor of Neurosurgery. He later served as Chairman of their Neurosurgery department.
Dr. Nauta joined the University of Louisville in 2010. At UofL, he specializes in brain and spinal cord tumors, aneurysms and AVMs, lumbar stenosis, cervical disc disease, Chiari malformation, syringomyelia, adult hydrocephalus and special procedures for pain. He is also the Director of the department’s Residency Program.
Megan B. Nelson, MD
Specialty: Cancer Rehabilitation
Dr. Nelson is a Physical Medicine and Rehabilitation specialist with fellowship training in Cancer Rehabilitation. Focusing on the unique functional needs of cancer patients, she works with oncologists and the comprehensive cancer team serving patients from initial diagnosis, throughout treatment and after treatment. She treats the whole patient, including musculoskeletal and neurological complaints, neuropathic pain, spasticity, lymphedema, fatigue and overall quality of life.
Jonathan Pratt, MD
Specialty: Pain Management
Dr. Pratt has fellowship training in pain management. He specializes in treating patients with back and neck pain, complex regional pain syndrome and phantom limb pain. His goal as a physician is to help patients regain function and get them back into the lives they’ve been missing.
John Shaw, MD
Specialty: Orthopedic Surgery/General Rehab
Dr. Shaw specializes in the treatment of spasticity with Botox, implant and management of Baclofen pumps, stroke rehab including tendon transfer, and restoring function in the tetraplegic hand. In addition to rehabilitation, Dr. Shaw is board certified in orthopedic surgery.
Michael Stillman, MD
Specialty: Internal Medicine/Rehab Medicine
Dr. Stillman is an internal medicine physician focused on the unique needs of spinal cord injury patients. He works with physiatrists and other specialists to provide multidisciplinary care and heads up the Spinal Cord Injury Primary Care Clinic.
Sarah Wagers, MD
Specialty: Traumatic Brain Injury
Dr. Wagers is a specialist in Physical Medicine and Rehabilitation. She completed her undergraduate degree, medical school and residency at the University of Louisville. She has a special interest in patients with acquired brain injury in both the civilian and veteran populations.
Michael Weaver, DO
Specialty: Sports Medicine
Dr. Weaver is Fellowship trained with a CAQ in Sports Medicine and certified by the American Board of Physical Medicine and Rehabilitation. He has special interest in low back pain, myofascial pain, concussion, adaptive sports, ultrasound and electrodiagnostics. Dr. Weaver specializes in the treatment and management of musculoskeletal disorders.
William Williamson, MD
Specialty: Stroke - Sub Acute Rehab
Dr. Williamson specializes in stroke rehab and geriatrics. He directs the subacute and acute units in the Louisville metro area and is board certified in Physical Medicine and Rehabilitation.