Towards Louisville Municipal College
Slavery ends in the Commonwealth of Kentucky on December 18, 1865 with the ratification of the Thirteenth Amendment. Prior to the Civil War, Kentucky neither prohibited nor promoted the education of enslaved or free African Americans yet Kentucky had the dubious distinction of being the leader among the border states for its violent opposition to Freedmen's Bureau schools. Freedmen's Bureau schools were the sole source of education for African Americans prior to the Civil War.
The Kentucky General Assembly in 1874 created a separate state system of commons schools for African Americans and legalized segregated public education in 1891.
In the Commonwealth, the education of African Americans
was the sole responsibility of the African American community and those
persons and institutions sympathetic to their plight. Many states excluded
African Americans from state-supported public and professional schools
including Kentucky. The legal landscape for African Americans within
the Commonwealth was shaped by
Beginning in 1879, a site at West Kentucky Street, between 7th and 8th Streets
A symbol of African American pride and autonomy for African Americans in Kentucky and nationally was State University. State University was chartered as a university in 1884. State University was previously known as the Kentucky Normal and Theological Institute,1879-1881.
State Colored Baptist University/ State University, 1881-1918, was an African American owned and controlled higher education institution and the predecessor of Simmons University. Under the terms of its 1894 amended charter, State University was the only African American educational institution in Kentucky with the power to grant professional degrees in theology, medicine and law. The Louisville National Medical College, 1888-1912, The Central Law School, 1890-1941, existed as apart of and was affiliated with both State University and Simmons University. And it appears possible that The Central Law School may have had some affiliation with Louisville Municipal College in some capacity.
Located on West Kentucky Street, between 7th and 8th
Streets, State University was owned and operated by the General Association
of Colored Baptists in Kentucky; and financially supported mainly by
the voluntary contributions of African
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