|ACCESS 2000, affectionately known as “A2K,” is the Canadian
Federation of Students’ year-long nation-wide campaign for a universally
accessible, high quality system of higher education in Canada. A2K
is about protesting federal government cutbacks to post-secondary education
and calling for a reinvestment of $3.7 billion, as well as tuition freezes
and a system of grants rather than loans. The campaign loudly announced
its presence with a pan-Canadian Day of Action on Feb 2nd, designed to
give a clear message to the federal government a few short weeks before
this year’s budget.
Joel Harden is the Ontario chair of the Canadian Federation of Students
(CFS), and provincial coordinator for Access 2000, and Steven Kammerer
is VP External to Queen’s University’s Society for Graduate and Professional
Students, and organizer of Queen’s Day of Action march and rally.
Both kindly agreed to be interviewed for Workplace. The following
interview took place immediately after the release of the federal budget
on February 28th, 2000, which announced a paltry Can$2.5 billion to be
shared between health care and education over the next four years.
Joel, what’s your reaction to this budget?
JH: An August 1999 poll showed that 81% of Canadians believe the government’s
financial priorities should lie with health care and education, while only
19% preferred tax cuts. In this budget, 80% went on tax cuts and
less then 20% on social programs. This is an exact flip-flop of the
wishes of Canadians. The government is either wilfully ignoring or
cheating the public.
How did A2K get started?
JH: Access 2000 was launched in 1998 in response to the federal government’s
so-called education budget, which centrepieced education, research, and
youth employment. Although students achieved gains in some areas,
the measures put forward were not targeted at the two places facing the
greatest crises: the broad base of low income students and the bottom line
of universities themselves. The “education budget” measures will
do little to reduce student debt, and do not help reduce tuition fees or
provide adequate core funding to higher education. Also, several
1998 budget measures made fundamental changes to the Canada Student Loans
Program and the Bankruptcy and Insolvency Act that will prevent poor and
working class students from receiving their education.
That’s when the CFS decided we’re not going to let them get away with
What does the A2K campaign involve?
JH: Our approach is multi-pronged: as well as the Day of Action, we’re
lobbying governments, mobilizing communities and continuing to educate
the public. We’ve got to get alternative research and alternative
numbers out there. We’ve gained overwhelming support from the public:
pensioners, trade unionists, even university administrations. Some
university presidents have endorsed the campaign, too.
Intervention is the key. A2K is the CFS’ intervention into the
surplus debate. The business lobby can intervene in government policy
at any time through special interest groups, the National Post etc.
We don’t have those avenues of intervention, but our strength lies in numbers.
This way we can be very effective. The government certainly knew
what we were saying on the Day of Action
What were some of the highlights of the Day of Action?
JH: Queen’s was amazing: Not only did they get faculty and administration
onside, but they captivated the local media. The naysayers were proved
wong: Queen’s students do support collective action. 1500 students
turned out, despite other commitments and the freezing cold - that’s more
than usually vote in student elections! Also, the turnout at
places like Toronto (5000) and Halifax (3000) was really encouraging.
Steven, what went on at Queen’s?
SK: We called it the “Queen’s Campaign for Higher Education,” because
it was a call for higher funding, higher access, higher quality, and higher
levels of education. At 12 noon, members of the Queen’s and Kingston
communities gathered and marched across campus. Then there were events
and speakers at an outdoor stage we had set up.
Were you pleased with the turnout?
SK: Well, we shook the foundations of a few buildings as we passed
through them on our march. 1500 people turned out. The Queen’s
Faculty Association helped by endorsing a plan to encourage professors
and deans to make other arrangements for their classes that day.
Queen’s students have yet again disproved their reputation for apathy.
They do care about retaining diversity, both among the student population
and in the range of programs offered. Increasing tuition links it
to market forces, which in turn negatively offers the range of what you
can study at a university.
Many people got up to speak, professors and students - there’s a high
level of awareness linking the education sector to the objective of reinvesting
in the future. This was only the latest in a string of successful
rallies in recent years. It was organized by a core group of undergrads,
grad students, faculty and staff. Even the administration voiced
support for us. The whole Queen’s community came together.
So what’s next?
JH: The A2K campaign is designed to last the whole of the year 2000.
We didn’t blink when the government did nothing for us in 1999, we sure
as hell aren’t going to stop now. Next we’ll take the fight to the
international level. There are enormous pressures on governments
at the international level from undemocratic sources such as large corporations,
who are telling governments how to set social policy. We must look
these groups in the eye and not allow ourselves to be intimidated, not
allow them to legislate our lives and diminish our expectations.
Seattle was a fine example of this sort of action.
SK: Queen’s linked Access 2000 to globalization issues, kicking off
the weekend beforehand with anti-sweatshop events and a rally addressed
by Maude Barlow, chair of the Council of Canadians. Links to this
kind of lobbying are vital, as there’s so much pressure on governments
from world trade agreements etc. to sell out education, to sell our future
on the open markets.
JH: Watch out for us in Washington in April for the meeting of the International
Monetary Fund. CFS is one of many organizations taking members there.
People are fed up of governments using the global economy as an excuse.
The governments can get the hell out of the way and let us take over.
We saw that kind of militancy in Washington. Students, anti-poverty
campaigners, health-care workers, everyone got together to bring force
to bear. The power behind the international business agenda lies
in division, pitting students against workers, for example, while the power
of the labour movement lies in solidarity. Our tuition break
is not the working class’s loss, it has positive repercussions for them
and for other disadvantaged groups. People are realising that we
have to stand up to the forces behind this cutback and downloading agenda.
SK: We need a global new deal.
JH: But nobody will cut us that deal based on the force of our arguments.
We have to shut them down. It’s inspiring what the average person
can do. Washington will be bigger than Seattle. The naked face
of capitalism is only shown when you interrupt it. Direct action
makes them bare their fangs (tear gas, pepper spray), but it also gets
results. Young people must realize that our health care and education
systems didn’t just materialize, they were won through a long struggle,
and we must continue the struggle in order to defend them.
Ellie Kennedy, Queen’s University
Sources and links:
click on "action photos"
pictures of the “freezin to freeze fees” tent city)
Wednesday, February 2, 2000
Students March in Ottawa
Wednesday, February 2, 2000
Students Rally in Ottawa
Photo: Canadian Federation of Students