1. J. Hillis Miller, response, PMLA 112.5 (1997): 1134.
2. Bruce Robbins, response, ibid: 1135-36.
3. Dominick LaCapra, response, ibid: 1133-35; Joseph O. Aimone, response,
4. See, on this Cary Nelson, Manifesto of a Tenured Radical (New York: New
York University Press, 1997): 194-216.
5. John Guillory, "Preprofessionalism: What Graduate Students Want,"
Profession 1996 (New York: Modern Language Association, 1996): 98.
6. On sociological concepts, see, for example, Pierre Bourdieu, "The Paradox
of the Sociologist," Sociology in Question, trans. Richard Nice (London:
Sage, 1993): 54.
7. Except C. Vann Woodward, in "Freedom and the Universities," rev. of
Illiberal Education: The Politics of Race and Sex on Campus, by Dinesh
D'Souza, New York Review of Books 18 July1991: 32.
8. There are too many examples to name here. See, for example, Catharine
Stimpson, "New 'Politically Correct' Metaphors Insult History and Our
Campuses," Chronicle of Higher Education 29 May 1991: A40; Christopher
Phelps, "The Second Time as Farce: The Right's 'New McCarthyism,'" Monthly
Review 43.5 (1991): 39-57; Michael Bo>rubo>, "Winning Hearts and Minds, " in
Public Access: Literary Theory and American Cultural Politics (New York:
Verso, 1994): 59-85; Jeffrey Williams, ed. PC Wars: Politics and Theory in
the Academy (New York: Routledge, 1995); see especially Williams'
introduction and Jim Nielsen, "The Great PC Scare: Tyrannies of the Left,
Rhetoric of the Right," and Christopher Newfield, "What Was 'Political
Correctness'? Race, Right and Managerial Democracy in the Humanities,"
60-89, 109-145; Tim Brennan, "'PC' and the Decline of the American Empire,"
Social Policy (1991): 15-40.
9. Alan Wolfe, The Limits of Legitimacy: Political Contradictions of
Contemporary Capitalism (New York: Free Press, 1977): 325.
10. Samuel Huntington, "The United States," The Crisis of Democracy, Michel
Crozier et al eds., (New York: Trilateral Commission, 1975): 62.
11. On "cultural conservatism" and the work of the right, see Ellen
Messer-Davidow, "Manufacturing the Attack on Liberalized Higher Education,"
Social Text 36 (1993): 45-51; and Pierre Bourdieu and Hans Haacke, Free
Exchange (Stanford: Stanford UP, 1995) 28-68. Dinesh D'Souza, "The Visigoths
in Tweed" Forbes 1 Apr 1991: 81-86.
12. On linguistic markets, see Pierre Bourdieu, "Price Formation and the
Anticipation of Profits," Language and Symbolic Power, trans. Gino Raymond
and Matthew Adamson (Cambridge: Harvard, 1991): 66-89; on linguistic markets
and pc, see Glenn C. Loury, "Self-censorship," Our Country, Our Culture,
Edith Kurzweil and William Phillips eds. (Boston: Partisan Review Press,
13. Richard Bernstein, Dictatorship of Virtue: Multiculturalism and the
Battle for America's Future (New York: Alfred A. Knopf, 1994): 62.
14. Mike Novak, "Back to School," Forbes 2 Sep. 1991: 132.
15. George Bush, "Gulf Crisis an Opportunity For a 'New World Order,'"
Congressional Quarterly Weekly Report 15 Sep 1990: 2953.
16. Noam Chomsky commented that U.S. foreign policy in the new world order
seemed much like that in the old, but for two things: "there was no concern
over Soviet reaction, and novel pretexts had to be conjured up." See Noam
Chomsky, "Brave New World Order," New Statesman and Society 20-27 Dec. 1991:
17. I leave to the side the relation between the gulf war and North American
economic and cultural interests. For compelling accounts, see Alain Lipietz,
Towards a New Economic Order: Postfordism, Ecology and Democracy, trans.
Malcolm Slater (New York: Oxford UP, 1992) 164-82; Paul Smith, Millennial
Dreams: Culture and Capital in the North (New York: Verso, 1997): 188-213.
18. John Guillory, Cultural Capital: the Problem of Literary Canon Formation
(Chicago: U of Chicago P, 1993); see especially chapter 1.
19. The literature on the regulation school is prodigious, and some of it
highly contestatory. Its central text is Michel Aglietta's A Theory of
Capitalist Regulation: the U. S. Experience, trans. David Fernbach (London:
Verso, 1987); other helpful accounts of the crisis of Fordism are Alain
Lipietz, Mirages and Miracles: the Crises of Global Fordism, trans. David
Macey (London: Verso, 1987); idem, The Enchanted World: Inflation, Credit,
World Crisis, trans. Ian Patterson (London: Verso, 1985); for some more
critical accounts that draw helpful connections between the regulation
school and economic geography, see Michael Storper and Allen Scott eds.,
Pathways to Industrialization and Regional Development (New York: Routledge:
20. Clyde Barrow, Universities and the Capitalist State: Corporate
Liberalism and the Reconstruction of American Higher Education, 1894-1928
(Madison: University of Wisconsin Press, 1990): 14.
21. "Financial Aid at Record High, But Shifting toward Unsubsidized Loans,"
College Board Review 179 (1996): 24; Karen W. Arenson, "Aid Cuts Put
College Education Beyond Reach of College Students," New York Times 27 Jan.
22. "State Tuition Rose Faster Than Inflation," Associated Press 19 Aug.
23. Michel Aglietta, A Theory of Capitalist Regulation, 235ff; 383-87.
24. See, on this point, Phyllis Vine, "To Market, To Market . . . : The
School Business Sells Kids Short," Nation 8/15 Sep 1997: 11-17; on
outsourcing prison work, see Christian Parenti, "Making Prison Pay," Nation
29 Jan 1996: 11-14; idem, "Life in Prison: Pay Now, Pay Later," Progressive
60.7 (1996): 26-29.
25. Clyde Barrow, "The New Economy and the Restructuring of Higher
Education," Thought and Action: the NEA Higher Education Journal 12. X
26. Bill Readings, The University in Ruins (Cambridge: Harvard, 1996): see
27. On supply side policies in education, see Gary Rhoades and Shiela
Slaughter, "Academic Capitalism, Managed Professionals, and Supply-Side
Higher Education," Social Text 51 (1997): 9-38.
28. Kevin Sack, "Eager and Flush, Many States Plan Yet More Tax Cuts," New
York Times 4 Jan. 1998: A1+.