by Tad Hughes
The Parkland Project Safe Neihborhoods federal grant involes the combination of two crime supression models. The first model, focused deterrence, is an innovative tactic used to supress violence. This strategy that narrowly tailors sanctions to specific individuals and/or specific criminal behaviors (for example handgun violence among gang members). Rather than rely upon the general deterrent effect of the traditional criminal justice process, potential offenders are explicitly told that their risk of being sanctioned has increased unless they change their behavior. This model has been used successfully by many jurisdictions around the United States. Additionally, we are working to incorporate restorative justice principles and practices into the focused deterrence model.
The second model, Hot spot policing, involved in the grant focuses upon geography. Research indicates that very small number of very small areas (“Hot Spots”) account for a disproportionately large amount of crime. Our goal in this portion of the project is to identify these areas and treat them with focused policing efforts. Specifically, officers will be directed to randomly attend to hotspots for a short focused patrol. The goal is to have each hotspot “treated” every two hours. Research has shown this practice to be effective in reducing the crime in the hot spot areas.